COVID-19 IMPACT SURVEY MAY 2020
The global market for Airway Management Devices is projected to reach US$1. 9 billion by 2025, driven by the need to reduce the threat of anesthesia-related preventable deaths. Despite the development of medical technologies including critical care equipment and patient monitoring solutions, anesthesia-related deaths stands at an unsettling 1. 3 per million population per year, highlighting the scope for further improvements in critical care management in hospitals. A critical area of anesthesia-related mortality is airway management and cardio circulatory difficulties. This thereby creates a need to make use of airway management devices as standard of care during surgeries. The growing efforts to keep anesthesia-related mortality in patients without relevant systemic disease low is spurring opportunities for growth in the market. Inadequate ventilation and oxygenation is a key reason for anesthesia-related Injuries and deaths. Airway management is an important aspect of preoperative care and emergency medicine. The process of airway management provides an open pathway between the lungs and exterior environment as well as ensures safety of lungs from aspiration. Airway management is considered critical during conditions, such as emergency medicine, cardiopulmonary resuscitation, intensive care medicine, and anesthesia. The simplest and the easiest way to ensure an open airway in an unconscious patient is to tilt the head and lift the chin, thereby raising the tongue from back of patient`s throat. The jaw thrust technique is used on a supine patient or patient with suspected spinal injury. When the mandible is forwardly displaced, the tongue is forwardly pulled, which prevents the occlusion of entrance to trachea, resulting in a secure airway. In case of vomiting or other secretions in the airway, suction is used to clean it out. The unconscious patient, who regurgitates stomach contents, is turned into the recovery position, which allows drainage of fluids out of mouth, instead of down the trachea. The artificial airways that provide pathway between mouth/nose and the lungs include end tracheal tube, which is a plastic made tube inserted into the trachea via mouth. The tube comprises a cuff that is inflated for sealing off the trachea and preventing any vomit being sucked into the lungs. The other artificial airways include laryngeal mask airway, laryngoscope, bronchoscope, as well as nasopharyngeal airway or oropharyngeal airway. Various devices are developed for managing difficult airway and also for patients requiring routine intubation. These devices utilize various technologies, such as fiberoptic, optical, mechanical and video to facilitate the operator to view the larynx and enable easy passage of endotracheal tube (ETT) into the trachea. Supraglottic airway devices (SADs) help keep upper airway open for unobstructed ventilation & enable successful rescue ventilation in over 90% patients. Laryngeal Airway Mask prevents airway obstruction in the oropharynx & is used in various surgical procedure especially oral and maxillofacial surgery. Rising incidence of COPD is a noteworthy trend in the market, since the disease requires mechanical ventilation to help these patients gain relief from acute exacerbations. The rate of respiratory failure is also higher in these patients. This in turn translates to significant demand for airway management devices worldwide.