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    125


TABLE OF CONTENTS


   Pages :    | $

   Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations.....I-1  
   Disclaimers.....I-2
Data Interpretation & Reporting Level.....I-2
  
   Quantitative Techniques & Analytics.....I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study.....I-3
Acetylene.....I-3
Argon.....I-3
  
   Carbon Dioxide.....I-4
Hydrogen.....I-4
  
   Nitrogen.....I-5
Oxygen.....I-5
Other Industrial and Specialty Gases.....I-5
  
   Upbeat Outlook for Industrial and Specialty Gases.....II-1 2$125
   Table 1: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases Analyzed - Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-3

Table 2: World Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases Analyzed - Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-3
1$350
   Opportunities in Store: A Synopsis.....II-4
Impact of Recession in Retrospect.....II-4
Industry Fundamentals.....II-4
Key Input in Majority of Industrial Processes.....II-4
1$100
   Relatively Stable.....II-5
Demand Grows at Premium to GDP.....II-5
1$100
   Highly Capital-Intensive.....II-6
High Barriers to Entry.....II-6
Limited International/National Trade.....II-6
Differentiation by Service/Application/Price.....II-6
Highly Innovative Industry.....II-6
New Applications are Vital.....II-6
1$100
   Potential New Applications.....II-7
Hydrogen as an Alternative Fuel.....II-7
High-Pressure Jet Cleaning Using Dry Ice Pellets of CO2.....II-7
Neutralization of Alkaline Wastewater with Carbon Dioxide.....II-7
1$100
   Changing Paradigms for Growth: The Two H Engine.....II-8
Increasing Investments, New Applications and Outsourcing – Accelerate Growth.....II-8
Need for Containing Costs Sparks New Demand.....II-8
Higher Capital Investments Limit The Profitability.....II-8
1$100
   Increasing Capacity Utilization Absorbs Idle Capacity.....II-9
Environmental Applications Driving Growth.....II-9
Investments Continue Despite Economic Slouch.....II-9
1$100
   Industrial Gases en route the Developing Economies.....II-10
Market Maturity Doesn’t Bar New Growth.....II-10
The BOC Take over Fiasco: Axing the Industry’s Consolidation Spirit.....II-10
Feeble Pricing Flattens the Liquid Gases Market.....II-10
1$100
   Liquid Nitrogen Market Softens.....II-11
Outsourcing Industrial Gases is a Growing Trend.....II-11
Onsite Gas Generators: One Time Investment for on Time Supply.....II-11
Companies Initiate Value Added Services.....II-11
1$100
   Scrubbing in Petrochemicals.....II-12
Sand-Jet Process.....II-12
Test Gases.....II-12
Water Ice and CO2 Jets.....II-12
Cooling Chemical Reactors.....II-12
Drying Out Large Plants.....II-12
1$100
   An Overview.....II-13
Table 3: Leading Players in Global Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases (2010): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Air Liquide, The Linde Group, Praxair, Air Products, TNSC, Airgas and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-13

Table 4: Leading Players in Global Market for Packaged Gas (2010): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Airgas, Praxair PDI, Matheson Tri-Gas, Air Liquide, Linde and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-13
1$350
   Focus on Key Growth Strategies.....II-14
Industry Vibes in Quest for Profitability.....II-14
Reinforcing the Core Competencies.....II-14
Trend Towards Globalization in the Industrial Gases Industry.....II-14
Consolidation: A Solid Industrial Growth Strategy.....II-14
1$100
   The Linde Group Breaks the Shackles.....II-15
Competing Globally and Co-operating Locally: The New Mantra for Survival.....II-15
Smart Targeting Opportunities for Industrial Gas Companies.....II-15
Competitors’ Profiles.....II-15
L’ Air Liquide.....II-15
1$100
   Table 5: Leading Geographic Markets for L’Air Liquide (2008): Percentage Breakdown for Gas and Services Value Sales by Region - Europe, Americas, Asia-Pacific and Middle East & Africa (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-16
Focusing on the Southeast Asian Markets.....II-16
Strong Presence in the Electronics Market.....II-16
Table 6: Leading End-Use Markets for L’ Air Liquide (2008): Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales by Industrial Customer, Large Industries, Health Care and Electronics (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-16
1$350
   Proven Expertise in Non-Cryogenic Processes.....II-17
The Linde Group.....II-17
Strategic Positioning in Geographic Regions and Product Segments.....II-17
Market Leader in Cylinder and Bulk Sales.....II-17
Table 7: The Linde Group’s Distribution Channel (2007 ) - Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Cylinders, Merchant/Bulk, Onsite and Healthcare (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-17
Focus Towards High-Growth Gases.....II-17
1$350
   Table 8: Leading Gas Segments for The Linde Group (2007) - Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Healthcare, Hydrogen, Electronics and Other (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-18
Key Player in Electronic Gases.....II-18
Table 9: World Leaders in Electronic Gases (2009): Percentage Share Breakdown by Players–Air Products, Taiyo Nippon Sanso, Air Liquide, Linde, Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-18
Praxair.....II-18
1$350
   Industrial and Specialty Gases, Largest Volume Products.....II-19
Major Market Position in Non-Cryogenic Market Technology.....II-19
Sales Break-up.....II-19
Table 10: Leading Geographic Markets for Praxair (2009): Percentage Breakdown for Value Sales by North America, South America, Europe, Asia-Pacific and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-19
Air Products and Chemicals.....II-19
1$350
   Non-Cryogenic Business to Provide Volume Growth in Future.....II-20
Sales Break-up by Distribution Channel.....II-20
Table 11: Air Products’ Distribution Channels for Industrial Gases (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Onsite, Packages Gases & Specialty Materials, Liquid/Bulk and Equipment & Services (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-20

Table 12: Leading End-Use Market for Air Products and Chemicals’ (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Energy, Chemicals, General Manufacturing, Electronics, Metals, Medical, Food, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-20
1$350
   Airgas.....II-21
The Hub-and-Spoke Strategy: The Key to Successful Business Expansion.....II-21
Objective to be the Lowest Cost Supplier.....II-21
1$100
   Table 13: Leading Companies in Worldwide Hydrogen Market (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Volume Sales for Air Products, Praxair, Linde, Air Liquide, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-22
Carbon Dioxide.....II-22
Future Demand Growth Likely in Markets Other than the US.....II-22
Other Industrial and Specialty Gases.....II-22
Profile of the Specialty Gases Industry.....II-22
1$350
   Table 14: World Specialty Gas Market (2009): Percentage Share Breakdown by Types – Atmospheric gases, Noble gases, Carbon gases, Halogen gases and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-231$350
   End User Profile for Industrial and Specialty Gases.....II-24 1$100
   Table 15: World Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases (2009): Percentage Share Breakdown of Value Sales by End-Use Industry - Refining and Chemicals Processing, Metal Fabrication and Production, Medical, Electronics, Food, Pulp & Paper, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-25
Major End-User Industries.....II-25
Chemical Process Industry.....II-25
Main End Use Segments in the Chemical Industry.....II-25
Major Growth Determinants.....II-25
1$350
   Metal Industry.....II-26
Steel Industry – A Major End User of Oxygen and Nitrogen.....II-26
Electronics and Semiconductors Industry.....II-26
Table 16: Leading Players in Global Electronic Industrial Gas Market (2009): Percentage Breakdown of Dollar Sales for Air Products, Taiyo Nippon Sanso, Air Liquide, Linde, Praxair, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-26
1$350
   Ultra Pure Gases: Ongoing Slowdown Blues.....II-27
Changing Demand Profile for Industrial Gases.....II-27
Healthcare Showing Healthy Growth Opportunities.....II-27
1$100
   Pricing – An Influential Factor.....II-28
Distribution Mode: A Key Pricing Factor.....II-28
1$100
   Power Costs: Other Major Determinant of Gas Prices.....II-29
Merchant Market in the US: Most Visible.....II-29
Key Players Announce Price Hikes.....II-29
1$100
   Price Fluctuations.....II-30
Nitrogen.....II-30
Carbon Dioxide.....II-30
Chilled Seasonal Supplies.....II-30
Price Fixation for CO2 Quotas.....II-30
Helium.....II-30
1$100
   Industry Outlook on the Pricing Pattern and Changing Prerogatives.....II-311$100
   Tonnage/On-Site/Pipeline.....II-321$100
   Cryogenic On-Site.....II-33
Piggyback Liquefiers.....II-33
Non-Cryogenic Air Separation.....II-33
1$100
   Factors Determining System Choice.....II-34
Positive Growth to Continue.....II-34
1$100
   Current Investment Geared towards On-Site Projects.....II-35
Liquid/Merchant/Bulk.....II-35
Small-Scale Non-Cryogenic On-Site Plants Also Serve Liquid Market.....II-35
1$100
   Compressed/Cylinders/Packaged Gas.....II-36
Low-Margin ‘Hardgoods'.....II-36
Packaged Gas Business Generates Strong Cash Flows.....II-36
1$100
   The ‘Hub and Spoke’ Strategy of Airgas.....II-37
Advances in Cylinder Gas Business.....II-37
1$100
   Nitrogen.....II-381$100
   Application Areas.....II-391$100
   New Applications Fueling Growth.....II-40
High-tech Industry Processes Need Increasingly Pure N2.....II-40
Liquid Nitrogen Provides Shear Cooling Solution.....II-40
1$100
   Nitrogen Critical for Production of Semiconductor Chips.....II-41
Petroleum Industry- Important Source of Incremental Demand.....II-41
Oxygen .....II-41
Table 17: End Use Markets for Oxygen (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Volume Sales* for Metal Production, Chemicals, Cutting & Welding, Medical, Pulp & Paper, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-41
1$350
   Application Areas.....II-421$100
   Steel and Chemical Industries: Major Consumers of Oxygen.....II-43
Mode of Delivery.....II-43
1$100
   Trends Boosting the Oxygen Market.....II-44
Environmental Regulations Drive the Oxygen Market.....II-44
Growing Market in Environmental Remediation.....II-44
Blast Furnaces Replacing Coke with O2.....II-44
Mandatory Cuts in Noxious Fume Emissions Drives Demand for O2.....II-44
1$100
   O2 Increasingly Replacing Chlorine in Pulp Bleaching.....II-45
New Bleaching Recipes Spell Opportunity for Suppliers.....II-45
Increased Demand in Primary Metal Production.....II-45
Emerging Applications.....II-45
Pure O2 Replaces Air in Oxidation.....II-45
1$100
   Oxygen as an Oxidant in Gasification.....II-46
Oxygen for Bleaching Textiles.....II-46
Oxygen to Recover Gold From Refractory Ore and Toxic Tailings.....II-46
Oxygen in Hydrotreating of Crude.....II-46
1$100
   Hydrogen.....II-47
Application Areas.....II-47
1$100
   Refining and Chemicals – Major End-Use Applications of Hydrogen.....II-48
Table 18: World Market for Hydrogen (2007): Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales by End-Use Application - Refining, Chemicals, Metals, Food, Electronics, Glass and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-48
New Applications for Hydrogen.....II-48
Clean Gains in the Green Backdrop.....II-48
1$350
   Fuel Cells: An Important Future Application of Hydrogen.....II-49
Growing Use of Hydrogen in Batch-Annealing by Steel Makers......II-49
1$100
   Hydrogen for Heat Treating: Hotting Up Worldwide.....II-50
Delivery Mechanisms for Hydrogen.....II-50
1$100
   Developments Impacting Hydrogen Market.....II-51
Petroleum Industry Likely to Lead in the Production of Hydrogen.....II-51
Clean Air Act Fuels Demand for Hydrogen.....II-51
Challenges for Hydrogen in Penetrating into Automobile Market.....II-51
1$100
   Carbon Dioxide.....II-52
Uses of Carbon Dioxide.....II-52
1$100
   Table 19: End Users of Carbon Dioxide (2009): Percentage Breakdown by Volume Sales* for Food Industry, Beverage Industry, Welding and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-53
Trailblazing Applications for CO2.....II-53
Food-Safety Interventionism Buoys the Growth.....II-53
1$350
   Carbon Dioxide for Water Treatment and Other Potential Applications.....II-54
Super Critical Carbon Dioxide for Super Cleaning of Wafers and Extraction of Toxic
  Metals.....II-54
High-Pressure Jet Cleaning Using Dry Ice.....II-54
1$100
   CO2 Foam Blowing to Replace CFCs and HCFCs.....II-55
CO2 for Manufacturing Acetylene.....II-55
Formic Acid Direct from CO2.....II-55
CO2 Dissolved in Water To Produce Methane & Acetic Acid.....II-55
Greener Way to Process Bio-molecules.....II-55
1$100
   Solid CO2 to Clean Sensitive Electronic Test Equipment.....II-56
Carbon Dioxide as an Alternative to Chlorofluorocarbons.....II-56
CO2 as an Extinguishing Agent.....II-56
1$100
   Carbon Dioxide to Pasteurize Fruit Juices.....II-57
Carbon Dioxide in Recycling of Sludge from Metalworks.....II-57
Carbon Dioxide in Development of Extremely Fine Particles in Paint and Drug
  Industry.....II-57
Carbon Dioxide Washes Brownstock in Paper and Pulp Industry.....II-57
Carbon Dioxide to Lower pH of Alkaline Water.....II-57
Carbon Dioxide as Coolant in Automobiles.....II-57
1$100
   Carbon Dioxide as Coolant in Food and Beverage Industry.....II-58
Carbon Dioxide to Treat Heavy Metal Contaminated Soil.....II-58
Argon.....II-58
1$100
   Application Areas.....II-59
New Applications.....II-59
Making Halon-based Fire Extinguishers Gone!.....II-59
1$100
   Betting with the Best in Packaging.....II-60
Compounding Possibilities with New Compounds.....II-60
Liquid Argon from Cryo: Dispelling the Cylinders.....II-60
Acetylene.....II-60
1$100
   Chemical Sector Largest End-Use Segment.....II-61
Acetylene in Internal Combustion Engines.....II-61
Cheaper Petrochemical Feedstock Replacements: A Potential Threat.....II-61
Technology Enhancements: Turning Corners in the Sagging Markets.....II-61
New Applications.....II-61
Go-Tec Develops Acetylene-based, Dual-Fuel System.....II-61
1$100
   Specialty Gases.....II-62
Helium.....II-62
1$100
   Uses of Helium.....II-63
Table 20: Helium Application Areas Worldwide (2008): Percentage Share Breakdown by Cryogenic Applications, Pressurizing and Purging, Welding Cover Gas, Controlled Atmospheres, Leak Detection and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-63
1$350
   Special Gas Mixes for Use-Specific Applications.....II-64
Patented Helium Recovery Systems: Set in the Cycle Again.....II-64
1$100
   Other Specialty Gases.....II-651$100
   Two Production Processes.....II-66
Cryogenic Production.....II-66
Non-Cryogenic Production.....II-66
Pressure/Vacuum Swing Adsorption (PVSA).....II-66
1$100
   Membrane Technology.....II-67
Dynamics of Non-Cryogenic Market.....II-67
Purity - A Crucial Limiting Factor.....II-67
1$100
   Effect of Non-Cryogenic Gases on Merchant Market.....II-68
Company Specific Technology Strengths.....II-68
New Technology Shaping Industrial Gases Industry.....II-68
Complex Plants Built by Gas Companies.....II-68
Electricity - Major Input Cost for Producing Gases.....II-68
1$100
   Parker Domnick Hunter Develops 40H-ICP Hydrogen Generator.....II-69
Praxair Commercializes High Purity Hydrogen.....II-69
Carbon Dioxide from Power Plant Flue Gas.....II-69
SC Fluids and Air Products to Develop Photoresist Stripping Agent.....II-69
Improvements in Steam Methane Reforming Technology.....II-69
1$100
   New Nitrogen Manufacturing Machine from Alliance Gas Systems.....II-70
CO2 Solution Develops Bioreactor-based Carbon Dioxide Recycling Technology.....II-70
Engelhard Corporation Launches New Method for Nitrogen Extraction.....II-70
Nitrogen to Cool Plastic Extrusion Process.....II-70
Nitrogen to Facilitate Gas-Assisted Injection Molding.....II-70
Potential Applications of Nitrogen in Semiconductor Industry.....II-70
Vacuum Carburizing: A Budding Opportunity.....II-70
1$100
   Cojet Gas Injection System Technology for Basic Oxygen Furnaces in Steel
  Industry.....II-71
Oxygen to Add Fizz to Soft Drinks.....II-71
Steam Methane Reforming Technology Now Economical for Small Plants.....II-71
Messer Griesheim Manages Hydrogen Supply in a Novel Way.....II-71
Hydrogen from Risky Hydrocarbon Waste.....II-71
1$100
   Hydrogen from Seawater.....II-72
Natural Gas - Source for Hydrogen Supply.....II-72
Kemgas Technology for Acetylene Production.....II-72
Air Products Develops the World’s Largest Helium Liquefier.....II-72
Air Products Augments the BIP Helium and Nitrogen Cylinder Technology Suite.....II-72
1$100
   Linde Canada Launches ECOCYL OSQ Specialty Gas Cylinder.....II-73
Linde Gases Introduces New Series of Welded Panels.....II-73
Linde Launches Ionic Compressor Systems.....II-73
Linde Gases Introduces HiQ® 60 Range of Calibration Gases.....II-73
1$100
   Phymetrix Introduces New Analyzers for Specialty and Process Gases.....II-74
Air Liquide Launches 2 Scott™ EPA Protocols.....II-74
MOCON Unveils New Carbon Dioxide and Oxygen Analyzer.....II-74
Shell Canada Introduces Gasolines with Nitrogen Enrichment.....II-74
1$100
   Air Products Launches New Models of XeCovery® Xenon Recovery System.....II-75
Linde North America Introduces New LINSPRAY® CO2 Cooling Technology.....II-75
Linde North America Unveils New LASGON® H Shielding Gaseous Mixtures.....II-75
Air Products Extends Series of Certified Calibration Gas Mixtures.....II-75
1$100
   Drax Introduces BEAT2 in the UK.....II-76
Air Products Launches New GASGUARD® Very High Flow System.....II-76
1$100
   Air Liquide Takes Over Cryogas.....II-77
MTG Takes Over Western International.....II-77
MTG and K-Air Gases India Form JV.....II-77
The Gas Co. Teams Up with General Motors for Hydrogen Project.....II-77
1$100
   Air Liquide Collaborates with Sasol Synfuels.....II-78
Praxair China Inks Agreement with Marcegaglia.....II-78
SCIPIG Receives Carbon Monoxide and Hydrogen Supply Order from BPUS.....II-78
Praxair Bags Contract from SAIL.....II-78
1$100
   Air Liquide to Expand Capacity in India.....II-79
Linde Gases to Upgrade Specialty Gases Plant in South Africa.....II-79
Linde Merges Customer Services Operations at New Facility in the US.....II-79
Messer Group Commissions New CO2 Liquefaction Plant.....II-79
1$100
   Airgas Acquires Tri-Tech.....II-80
Airgas Takes Over Fitch Industrial and Welding Supply.....II-80
MTG Acquires Valley National Gases.....II-80
Kyiv Carbon Dioxide Plant and OJSC Linde Gas Ukraine to Merge.....II-80
CIGI Merges with BPC Gas.....II-80
1$100
   Air Liquide Acquires Majority Interest in Al Khafrah Industrial Gases.....II-81
Xebec Adsorption Merges Operations with QuestAir.....II-81
Investcorp to Buy Stake in Gulf Cryo.....II-81
Spectra Gases Renames to Linde.....II-81
INOX Air Products Inks Two New Deals with PV Makers.....II-81
1$100
   Air Products Wins Supply Order from CHINT Solar.....II-82
Praxair Secures Contract from IOC.....II-82
Linde Gases to Supply Helium to NASA.....II-82
Linde Gases to Supply Specialty Gases to Nestle Oil.....II-82
Linde Bags Supply Contract from Bosch Solar.....II-82
1$100
   Air Liquide Establishes New Facilities in Muscat and Sohar.....II-831$100
   Airgas Acquires Northeast Gas Technologies.....II-84
Praxair Distribution Pockets Kirk Welding Supply Inc......II-84
Airgas Acquires Merriam-Graves.....II-84
Air Liquide Group Takes Over Pure Helium.....II-84
1$100
   KOGAS to Form Joint Venture with UNG.....II-85
Air Products Inks Agreement with Nestlé Waters North America.....II-85
Rivoira to Supply Gas Delivery Equipments to Silfab SpA.....II-85
Linde Gases and Tartu University Sign Agreement.....II-85
1$100
   The Linde Group Divests Cryogas to Indura.....II-86
Air Liquide Acquires Scott Specialty Gases.....II-86
Air Liquide Acquires Lurgi.....II-86
Air Liquide to Acquire Linde Gas UK.....II-86
Air Liquide Acquires Team One Technologies Inc......II-86
1$100
   Air Products Supplies Specialty Gas and Chemical Equipment to New Austin Site.....II-87
Praxair to Form Joint Venture for Supply of Packaged Gases.....II-87
Praxair to Acquire AGA S.A. de C.V......II-87
1$100
   The Linde Group Pockets Birlesic Oksijen Sanayi A.S.....II-88
Air Liquide Acquires Controlling Interests in its Joint Venture Companies.....II-88
1$100
   Private Group of CCMP Acquires Vacuum & Semiconductor Operations of BOC
  Edwards.....II-89
Air Products & Chemicals Acquires BOC Gazy Sp zoo.....II-89
Airgas Acquires Lehner & Martin.....II-89
Airgas Acquires Major Portion of Linde AG’s US Packaged Gas Business.....II-89
Valley National Gases Acquires Mitchell Industrial Supply.....II-89
Discount Investment Signs Agreement to Acquire Additional Stake In Maxima.....II-89
1$100
   Praxair Distribution Acquires Rite Weld Supply.....II-90
Praxair Distribution Acquires Wilson Welding & Medical Gases.....II-90
Linde Group Forms Joint Venture with ADNOC.....II-90
SOL to Erect a New Plant in Hoechst Industry Park.....II-90
Praxair Wins EU Approval to Acquire 50% Interest in Yara Industrial Gases Unit.....II-90
Air Liquide to Construct a New Industrial Gas Plant in the Germany.....II-90
1$100
   Airgas Pockets Central Welding Supply, and Texas Industrial Gas.....II-91
Messer Group and Hoa Phat Join Forces for New Industrial Gas Plant
  Establishment.....II-91
Linde Acquires Controlling Interest in Malaysian Oxygen.....II-91
Air Liquide Inaugurates Research Complex in Newark.....II-91
Air Liquide Severstal Establishes Gas Production Unit.....II-91
1$100
   Linde Signs Agreement with Ningbo Wanhua Polyurethane.....II-921$100
   Air Liquide (L’ Air Liquide S.A.) (France).....II-93
American Air Liquide Holdings, Inc. (US).....II-93
Air Products and Chemicals, Inc. (US).....II-93
1$100
   Airgas, Inc. (US).....II-941$100
   Praxair, Inc. (US).....II-95
Taiyo Nippon Sanso Corporation (Japan).....II-95
1$100
   The Linde Group (Germany).....II-961$100
   Table 21: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-971$350
   Table 22: World Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-981$350
   Table 23: World 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-991$350
   Table 24: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Acetylene by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1001$350
   Table 25: World Historic Review for Acetylene by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1011$350
   Table 26: World 15-Year Perspective for Acetylene by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1021$350
   Table 27: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Argon by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1031$350
   Table 28: World Historic Review for Argon by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1041$350
   Table 29: World 15-Year Perspective for Argon by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1051$350
   Table 30: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Carbon Dioxide by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1061$350
   Table 31: World Historic Review for Carbon Dioxide by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1071$350
   Table 32: World 15-Year Perspective for Carbon Dioxide by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1081$350
   Table 33: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Hydrogen by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1091$350
   Table 34: World Historic Review for Hydrogen by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1101$350
   Table 35: World 15-Year Perspective for Hydrogen by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1111$350
   Table 36: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Nitrogen by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1121$350
   Table 37: World Historic Review for Nitrogen by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1131$350
   Table 38: World 15-Year Perspective for Nitrogen by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1141$350
   Table 39: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Oxygen by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1151$350
   Table 40: World Historic Review for Oxygen by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1161$350
   Table 41: World 15-Year Perspective for Oxygen by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1171$350
   Table 42: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Other Industrial and Specialty Gases* by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1181$350
   Table 43: World Historic Review for Other Industrial and Specialty Gases* by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1191$350
   Table 44: World 15-Year Perspective for Other Industrial and Specialty Gases* by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East, and Latin American Markets for years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1201$350
   A. Market Analysis.....III-1
Petroleum Refining, Metal Processing: Key Drivers of Future Growth.....III-1
1$75
   Oxygen and Nitrogen: Chief Industrial Gases.....III-2
Industry Consolidation on the Move.....III-2
1$75
   Trade Dynamics.....III-3
Imports.....III-3
Table 45: Imports of Argon in the US (2008 & 2009): Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-3
1$200
   Table 46: Imports of Hydrogen in the US (2008 & 2009): Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$).....III-4

Table 47: Imports of Nitrogen in the US (2008 & 2009): Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-4
1$200
   Table 48: Imports of Oxygen in the US (2008 & 2009): Annual Percentage Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-51$200
   Exports.....III-6
Table 49: US Exports of Argon (2008 & 2009): Annual Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-6
1$200
   Table 50: US Exports of Hydrogen (2008 & 2009): Annual Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$)) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-71$200
   Table 51: US Exports of Nitrogen (2008 & 2009): Annual Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-81$200
   Table 52: US Exports of Oxygen (2008 & 2009): Annual Breakdown by Leading Countries (In US$) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-9
Restructuring Attempts: In Quest for Resurgence.....III-9
1$200
   Landscape of the US Industrial and Specialty Gases.....III-10
Table 53: Leading Players in US Industrial Gas Market (2008): Percentage Share Breakdown by Value Sales for Air Liquide, Linde, Praxair, Air Products, TNS, Airgas and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-10
1$200
   Statistics in the Past.....III-11
Table 54: Leading Players in US Liquid Carbon Dioxide Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by Volume Sales for BOC, Praxair, Airgas, Air Liquide, EPCO and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-11
1$200
   Table 55: Leading Companies in US Merchant Gaseous Carbon Monoxide Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by Production Capacity for Air Liquide, Air Product, BOC, Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-121$200
   Table 56: Leading Companies in US Merchant Gaseous Hydrogen Market (2003 & 2004): Percentage Breakdown by Production Capacity for Air Liquide, Air Products, BOC, Linde AG, Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-13
Distribution Scenario for Packaged Gas.....III-13
1$200
   Prices on a Roller Coaster Ride.....III-14
New Capacity Expansions.....III-14
Focus on Select Key Players.....III-14
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-15
Table 57: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-15
1$200
   Table 58: US Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-161$200
   Table 59: US 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Annual Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-171$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-18
Leading Companies.....III-18
Market Trends.....III-18
Environmental Regulations Drive Demand for Oxygen.....III-18
Oxygen Recovers Gold from Refractory Ore and Toxic Tailings.....III-18
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-19
Table 60: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-19
1$200
   Table 61: Canadian Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-201$200
   Table 62: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-211$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-22
Industry Overview.....III-22
An Analysis of Select Segments.....III-22
Favorable Demand for Hydrogen & Nitrogen.....III-22
Low Demand for Oxygen.....III-22
Reflects the Economy.....III-22
1$75
   Declining Unit Prices.....III-23
Research on the Use of Hydrogen as a Source of Energy.....III-23
Key Player.....III-23
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-24
Table 63: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-24
1$200
   Table 64: Japanese Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-251$200
   Table 65: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-261$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-27
Industry Overview.....III-27
Market Share of Leading Players.....III-27
Table 66: European Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases (2006): Market Shares of the Leading Players by Value Sales- Linde, Air Liquide, Air Products, Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-27
Market Trends.....III-27
Renewables Directive: The Pacemaker for the Growth of Hydrogen.....III-27
Environmental Applications: Greener Pastures for Growth.....III-27
1$200
   Changing Landscape in the Eastern European Marketplace.....III-28
Nitrogen and Oxygen: Best Sales Prospects in Eastern Europe.....III-28
Market for Oxygen Driven by Environmental Regulations.....III-28
Increase in Demand for Hydrogen by European Refineries.....III-28
1$75
   Increasing Liaison with FTC: Axing Industry’s Consolidation Spirit.....III-291$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-30
Table 67: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-30
1$200
   Table 68: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-311$200
   Table 69: European Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-321$200
   Table 70: European Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-331$200
   Table 71: European 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for France, Germany, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Russia, and Rest of Europe Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-341$200
   Table 72: European 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-351$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-36
Market Share of Leading Players.....III-36
Table 73: French Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases (2006): Market Shares of Leading Players by Value Sales – Air Liquide, Linde, Air Products, Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-36
Key Player.....III-36
1$200
   B. Market Analytics.....III-37
Table 74: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-37
1$200
   Table 75: French Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-381$200
   Table 76: French 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-391$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-40
Competitive Scenario.....III-40
Table 77: German Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases (2006): Market Shares of Leading Players by Value Sales – Linde, Air Liquide, Praxair, Air Products and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-40
Focus on Key Player.....III-40
1$200
   B. Market Analytics.....III-41
Table 78: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-41
1$200
   Table 79: German Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-421$200
   Table 80: German 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-431$200
   Market Analytics.....III-44
Table 81: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-44
1$200
   Table 82: Italian Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-451$200
   Table 83: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-461$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-47
Competitive Scenario.....III-47
Table 84: UK Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases (2006): Market Shares of Leading Players by Value Sales – Linde, Air Products, Air Liquide and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-47
1$200
   B. Market Analytics.....III-48
Table 85: UK Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-48
1$200
   Table 86: UK Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-491$200
   Table 87: UK 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-501$200
   Market Analytics.....III-51
Table 88: Spanish Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-51
1$200
   Table 89: Spanish Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-521$200
   Table 90: Spanish 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-531$200
   Market Analytics.....III-54
Table 91: Russian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-54
1$200
   Table 92: Russian Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-551$200
   Table 93: Russian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-561$200
   Market Analytics.....III-57
Table 94: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-57
1$200
   Table 95: Rest of Europe Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-581$200
   Table 96: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-591$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-60
Key Markets.....III-60
China.....III-60
China – A Potential Hub for Industrial Gases.....III-60
Accession to WTO – Fortifies China’s Position.....III-60
1$75
   Table 97: Leading End-Use Market for Industrial Gases in China (2009): Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Steel, Chemicals, Medical, Electronics, Medical, Glass, Food, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-61
China - A Promising Market.....III-61
Acetylene Market in China.....III-61
1$200
   Market Share of Leading Players.....III-62
Table 98: Leading Players in Industrial and Specialty Gases Market in Asia-Pacific (2008): Percentage Breakdown by Value Sales for Air Liquide, Linde, Air Products, Praxair and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-62

Table 99: Leading Players in Chinese Market for Industrial and Specialty Gases (2008): Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for Linde/BOC, Praxair, Yingde, Air Products, Air Liquide, Messer, Harbin Liming Gas, Nippon Sanso, Shanghai Jiali, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-62
1$200
   Major Trends.....III-63
Consumption to Grow at Premium to GDP.....III-63
Joint Ventures Present Mode of Entry into Asian Markets.....III-63
Demand Growth for Hydrogen Fueled by Secular Trends.....III-63
Prospects Hinge on Long-Term Contracts.....III-63
2$100
   B. Market Analytics.....III-65
Table 100: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-65
1$200
   Table 101: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-661$200
   Table 102: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-671$200
   Market Analytics.....III-68
Table 103: Middle East Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and UAE Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-68
1$200
   Table 104: Middle East Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-691$200
   Table 105: Middle East Historic Review of Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and UAE Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-701$200
   Table 106: Middle East Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-711$200
   Table 107: Middle East 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kuwait, Syria, Saudi Arabia, and UAE Markets for Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-721$200
   Table 108: Middle East 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-731$200
   Market Analytics.....III-74
Table 109: Iranian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-74
1$200
   Table 110: Iranian Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-2001$200
   Table 111: Iranian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-761$200
   Market Analytics.....III-77
Table 112: Iraqi Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-77
1$200
   Table 113: Iraqi Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-781$200
   Table 114: Iraqi 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-791$200
   Market Analytics.....III-80
Table 115: Israeli Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-80
1$200
   Table 116: Israeli Historic Review of Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-811$200
   Table 117: Israeli 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-821$200
   Market Analytics.....III-83
Table 118: Kuwaiti Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-83
1$200
   Table 119: Kuwaiti Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-841$200
   Table 120: Kuwaiti 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-851$200
   Market Analytics.....III-86
Table 121: Syrian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-86
1$200
   Table 122: Syrian Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-871$200
   Table 123: Syrian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-881$200
   Market Analytics.....III-89
Table 124: Saudi Arabian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-89
1$200
   Table 125: Saudi Arabian Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-901$200
   Table 126: Saudi Arabian 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-911$200
   Market Analytics.....III-92
Table 127: UAE Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-92
1$200
   Table 128: UAE Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-931$200
   Table 129: UAE 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-941$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-95
Market Shares of Leading Players.....III-95
Table 130: Industrial and Specialty Gases Market in Latin America (2006): Market Shares of Leading Players by Value Sales for Praxair, Linde, Air Liquide, Air Products and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-95
Key Markets.....III-95
Chile – Luring Major Players.....III-95
1$200
   B. Market Analytics.....III-96
Table 131: Latin American Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2009 through 2017 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-96
1$200
   Table 132: Latin American Historic Review for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Billion Cubic Feet for the Years 2003 through 2008 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-971$200
   Table 133: Latin American 15-Year Perspective for Industrial and Specialty Gases by Product Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Acetylene, Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Oxygen, and other Industrial and Specialty Gases Markets for the Years 2003, 2011 & 2017(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-981$200
    
 
 


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