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The global market for Ethanol is projected to reach US$105. 2 billion by 2025, driven by sustained increase in demand from biofuel and food & beverage industries. Growing consumer awareness about eco-friendly products and supportive government policies are also driving growth. Ethanol use in industries such as automotive, chemicals, food & beverages, personal care & cosmetics, and pharmaceuticals is continuing to grow. The focus on technology advancements and development of low cost feedstock is also favoring growth. Regulatory frameworks and policies are also in place in several countries for guiding and promoting the usage of biofuels in regional transportation sectors. Skyrocketing crude prices and increasing concern of greenhouse gases are expected to boost the demand for ethanol both in the developed and developing countries over the next several years. Additionally, a ban on MTBE in several countries including the US is another boon for the ethanol market. A major factor fueling growth in ethanol market is the rising prominence of ethanol as a fuel or fuel additive in the automotive industry. The rising consumption of ethanol as a fuel is being spurred by economic, political, and social factors. The growing efforts of governments around the world to cut down reliance and slash costs associated with fossil fuel, the increased focus on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and enhanced emphasis on developing new economies involving the use of indigenous resources is giving impetus to the fuel ethanol market. Growing concerns over the environmental damage caused by fossil fuel usage is driving demand for alternative bio-based fuels, thus driving growth in ethanol market. The adoption of regulations to promote ethanol use is also leading to high demand for ethanol as biofuel. The use of ethanol as a fuel additive to conventional fossil fuels is also presenting significant growth opportunity for ethanol market. The growing trend towards blending ethanol with gasoline is aiding market growth. With the auto industry looking for ways to reduce environmental impact, the demand for ethanol as fuel and fuel additive is expected to continuing gaining traction in the years ahead. The eco-friendly and renewable nature of ethanol and the lower emissions associated with the fuel are contributing to the growing importance of ethanol fuel. Compared to gasoline, ethanol benefits from a higher octane number, which imparts premium blending properties. As a result, low octane gasoline is combined with a 10% ethanol to achieve the 87 octane standard. Ethanol fuel offers advantages due to the low carbon monoxide products compared to gasoline-powered engines. The addition of ethanol to fuel is also being propelled by its ability to burn much cleaner than pure gas, thus facilitating in reducing carbon footprint. In California, for instance ethanol has replaced MTBE (methyl tertiary butyl ether) as an additive to gasoline. Potential changes in legislation related to the use of diesel fuel can spur demand for gasoline and hence ethanol. In Europe, meanwhile, the changing rules related to taxation of fuels to take into consideration CO2 emissions and energy content can prove advantageous for the gasoline market, thus spurring growth in ethanol demand. With the use of ethanol as a fuel additive continuing to grow in gasoline engines, the rise in automobile production will encourage growth in the market.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS


   Pages :    | $

   Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations.....I-1  
   Disclaimers.....I-2
Data Interpretation & Reporting Level.....I-2
  
   Quantitative Techniques & Analytics.....I-3
Product Definitions and Scope of Study.....I-3
  
   Solvents.....I-4
Chemical Intermediaries.....I-4
Fuel.....I-4
Food & Beverages.....I-4
Others.....I-4
  
   Rising Ethanol Industry.....II-11$100
   US – The Largest Producer of Ethanol.....II-2
Table 1: World Ethanol Production (2006): Annual Production by Leading Regions for US, Brazil, China, EU, India, and Rest of World in Million Gallons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-2
World Ethanol Market: A Peek into New Plant Establishments Undertaken in Year 2005
  &2006.....II-2
1$300
   World Ethanol Market: Plant Capacity Expansion Plans Undertaken in the Year
  2006.....II-3
US – Registering Impressive Consumption Rates.....II-3
Demand by End-use Markets and Applications.....II-3
Applications of Ethanol in Automobiles.....II-3
1$100
   Ethanol Profitability.....II-4
Worldwide Usage of Ethanol.....II-4
Production Trends.....II-4
1$100
   Factors Influencing Worldwide Ethanol Demand (On a Scale of 1-10).....II-5
1$100
   Global Market Trends.....II-61$100
   Coal Burned Ethanol -Catches Fire.....II-7
1$100
   Ethanol .....II-8
Methanol.....II-8
Ethanol Vs Methanol.....II-8
1$100
   Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE).....II-9
Tertiary Amyl Methyl Ether (TAME).....II-9
Ethyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (ETBE).....II-9
Gas-to-Liquids Fuels (GTL).....II-9
Bio-diesel.....II-9
1$100
   Aromatic Hydrocarbons.....II-10
Methylcyclopentadienyl Manganese Tricarbonyl (MMT).....II-10
Natural Gas and Propane.....II-10
Comparison of Fuel Options.....II-10
1$100
   Ethanol Preferred to Conventional Sources of Fuel.....II-11
2$200
   Ethanol - An Alcohol with a Hydroxyl Group.....II-13
Physical and Chemical Properties.....II-13
Blended Ethanol.....II-13
Common Grades of Ethanol.....II-13
Industrial-Grade Ethanol.....II-13
1$100
   Neutral Spirit.....II-14
Anhydrous Ethanol.....II-14
Fuel-Grade Ethanol.....II-14
Beverage-Grade Ethanol.....II-14
Environment-Friendly Fuel.....II-14
Environmental Effects of Ethanol and Gasoline.....II-14
1$100
   By-Products Formed During Ethanol Manufacturing.....II-15
1$100
   Corn - A Major Source of Fuel-Ethanol.....II-16
Table 2: US Corn Usage In Ethanol Production from 2000-2007 in Million Bushels (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-16
Corn Ethanol - A Positive Net-Energy Generation Process.....II-16
1$300
   Sugarcane – Another Major Ethanol Source.....II-17
Cellulosic Materials for Ethanol Production.....II-17
Other Sources.....II-17
1$100
   Fermentation.....II-18
Dry Milling.....II-18
1$100
   Wet Milling.....II-19
Extractive Fermentation.....II-19
1$100
   Synthetic Process.....II-20
Emerging Production Technologies.....II-20
1$100
   Solvents .....II-21
Table 3: World Ethanol Sales for Solvents by Geographic Region 2006 & 2007: Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and South America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-21
1$300
   Chemical Intermediaries.....II-22
Table 4: World Ethanol Sales for Chemical Intermediates by Geographic Region 2006 & 2007: Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and South America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-22
Fuel.....II-22
1$300
   Table 5: World Ethanol Sales for Fuel Applications by Geographic Region 2006 & 2007: Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and South America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-23
Effective Energy Producer.....II-23
1$300
   Effective Gas Line Anti-freeze.....II-24
Octane Enhancer for Engines.....II-24
Excellent Cleaning Agent.....II-24
Equally Beneficial for Old and New Engine Technology.....II-24
Transportation Fuel.....II-24
In gasoline vehicles.....II-24
In Special Factory-Produced Vehicles.....II-24
1$100
   As A Gasoline Component.....II-25
Food & Beverages.....II-25
Table 6: World Ethanol Sales for Food & Beverage Applications by Geographic Region 2006 & 2007: Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and South America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-25
Others.....II-25
1$300
   Table 7: World Ethanol Sales for Other Applications by Geographic Region 2006 & 2007(E): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Middle East and South America (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-26
Disadvantages.....II-26
1$300
   Environmental Benefits.....II-27
To Reduce VOC Emissions.....II-27
Emissions Reductions From Low-Level and High-Level Ethanol Blends.....II-27
Consumer and Economic Benefits.....II-27
1$100
   Agricultural Benefits.....II-28
Energy/Trade Benefits.....II-28
1$100
   Pricing Scenario.....II-29
1$100
   United States.....II-30
Canada.....II-30
Europe.....II-30
Brazil .....II-30
1$100
   MBI International Introduces The Quick Germ Process For Drymill Ethanol
  Production.....II-31
Iogen Develops New Method for Ethanol Production.....II-31
AAE Technologies Introduces Ethanol-Diesel Blending Additives.....II-31
Advanced Bio-ethanol-An Emerging Technology.....II-31
1$100
   RIITE Develops Process For Ethanol Production.....II-32
Ox Diesel - An Eco-friendly Ethanol Blend.....II-32
Diesel Additives.....II-32
Ethanol Powered Airplane.....II-32
Ethanol Does Not Contaminate Water.....II-32
Ethanol from Sewage.....II-32
1$100
   New Fuel Additive from American Technologies Group.....II-33
At the University of Saskatchewan.....II-33
Genahol and Arizona State University to Jointly Study Fuel Demand.....II-33
At the Southwest Research Institute.....II-33
Research to Develop Alternative Fuel Sources.....II-33
1$100
   New Production Process from Agrol and Bioengineering.....II-34
Co-product Research in the US and Canada.....II-34
1$100
   Verasun Energy Announces Merger with US Bioenergy.....II-35
White Energy Commences 100-Million-Gallon Ethanol Plant in Texas.....II-35
AltraBiofuels Starts Production in Ohio.....II-35
Xethanol Invests in Consus Ethanol.....II-35
1$100
   Tata Chemicals to Establish Ethanol Plant in Asia Pacific.....II-36
Arcoy Biorefinery to Establish Ethanol Unit in Gujarat.....II-36
GSPI Acquires Technology License from BTR.....II-36
Lignol to Set-Up Cellulosic Ethanol Plant.....II-36
Abengoa Bioenergía Acquires Dedini Agro.....II-36
VeraSun Energy Acquires Ethanol Plants from ASAlliances.....II-36
1$100
   Janus Capital Acquires Stake in Cosan.....II-37
Odebrecht Acquires Majority Stake in Alcidia Sugar and Ethanol Plant.....II-37
Shree Renuka Purchases Ethanol Plant.....II-37
Praj Forms Joint Venture with Jaragua.....II-37
US BioEnergy Commences Ethanol Production in Nebraska.....II-37
Corporacion Azucarera Acquires Stake in Cartavio.....II-37
CEB Purchases Ethanol Plant at Parana.....II-37
1$100
   Usina Boa Signs Ethanol Purchase and Sale Agreement II-38 with Mitsubishi.....II-38
Frontier Oil Acquires Ethanol Management.....II-38
LD Commodities Acquires Four Sugar and Ethanol Plants.....II-38
Hong-Kong Noble Group Acquires Usina Petribu.....II-38
US Bioenergy Opens New Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-38
Dedini and Vaperma Collaborate to Improve Ethanol Production in Brazil.....II-38
1$100
   GLE Completes Expansion of South Dakota Ethanol Plant.....II-39
Ethanex Energy Inks Marketing Agreement with Eco-Energy.....II-39
Acucar Opens Fifth Sugar and Ethanol Mill in Brazil.....II-39
Abengoa Bioenergy Establishes Pilot Plant in Nebraska.....II-39
Ampal to Acquire Stake in Merhav’s Ethanol Plant.....II-39
Mae Sot Clean Energy to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Tak.....II-39
Petrobras and Samsung Ink MoU for Ethanol Exports.....II-39
1$100
   Bharti, Reliance, Tata Eye Bihar Sugar Mills.....II-40
Ethanex to Acquire Nebraska Ethanol Plant.....II-40
Niger Government to Build Ethanol Plant.....II-40
Brenco to Unveil Three New Ethanol Plants Latin America.....II-40
CNPC to Acquire Stake in Tianguan.....II-40
Rex to Construct New Ethanol Plant.....II-40
1$100
   Eastern Petroleum to Tie Up with Guanxi Estate Farm.....II-41
Acucar Guarani to Expand Ethanol and Sugar Cane Production.....II-41
Brazil to Setup 4 New Ethanol and Sugar Plants.....II-41
1$100
   For the People LLC to Construct Ethanol Plant.....II-42
Ethanex Energy to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Illinois.....II-42
European Commission Approves EDF EN- Alcofinance Ethanol JV.....II-42
Abengoa Bioenergia Inks Ethanol Contract.....II-42
Petrobras Approves Five New Ethanol Plants.....II-42
1$100
   Shetimal Prakriya Kharkhana to Construct a New Ethanol Plant.....II-43
Alconi to Build Ethanol Factory in Calabar.....II-43
Beihai Gofar to Set Up Ethanol Plant.....II-43
Abengoa to Sell Ethanol Plant in New Mexico.....II-43
Petrobras Inks Ethanol Supply Agreement with BPCL.....II-43
Cornhusker Energy to Expand Lexington Ethanol Plant.....II-43
1$100
   Petrobras to Produce Ethanol.....II-44
US BioEnergy Acquires Millennium Ethanol.....II-44
Bateman Acquires Delta-T Corporation.....II-44
Bien Hoa and Fair Energy to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Vietnam.....II-44
RCA Global to Set Up New Ethanol Plant in Thailand.....II-44
1$100
   NNPC to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Benue State.....II-45
Usina Navirai to Establish New Ethanol Plant.....II-45
Jamaica Broilers Opens Ethanol Plant.....II-45
Ambuja Exports to Set up Ethanol Plant.....II-45
Campos Chilenos to Construct Ethanol Plant.....II-45
FPL Energy to Convert Citrus Waste into Ethanol.....II-45
1$100
   Cargill to Enlarge Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-46
Celunol and Diversa Complete Merger.....II-46
Greenfield Project Management and Belbiopharm to Form Two Joint Ventures.....II-46
Tiger Ethanol Starts Construction of Ethanol Plant in China.....II-46
ACP to Set-Up Sugarcane Mill in Sao Paulo.....II-46
1$100
   Pdvsa to Acquire 10% Stake in Alur.....II-47
E3 Biofuels Opens Ethanol Plant in Nebraska.....II-47
Zancaner Increases Stake in Unialco.....II-47
New Energy Sells Indiana Ethanol Plant.....II-47
Bacs-Bio-Etanol to Set Up Bio-Ethanol Plant.....II-47
Global Renewable Receives Approval to Build Ethanol Plant in Sharon.....II-47
1$100
   Abengoa Bioenergy Inks Bioethanol Supply Agreement.....II-48
Chevron and Texas A&M Form Strategic Biofuel Research Alliance.....II-48
Cargill to Produce Ethanol at Barby Plant.....II-48
Cosan to Expand Ethanol Production.....II-48
Etanol Participacoes Acquires Usina Santa.....II-48
1$100
   Willmott Forests Acquires Majority Stake in Ethtec.....II-49
Brazilian Sugar and Ethanol Mills Plan to Merge.....II-49
Itochu and Petrosetco to Set-up Ethanol Plant in Vietnam.....II-49
Petrobras Inks MoU with JBIC.....II-49
COFCO to Emerge as Ethanol Major.....II-49
United Ethanol Inks Definitive Agreement with U.S. Sustainable Energy Corp.....II-49
1$100
   Medco to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in East Java.....II-50
Ondo Inks MoU with NNPC.....II-50
Sea Horse to Set-Up Ethanol Plant.....II-50
Indian Gasohol to Build 10 Ethanol Plants in Bihar.....II-50
LanzaTech to Convert Carbon Monoxide to Ethanol.....II-50
Medco to Invest US$400 Million to Boost Ethanol Production.....II-50
Coimex to Foray into Ethanol Business.....II-50
1$100
   Brazil-Japan Ethanol Co. to Manufacture Bioethanol in SE Asia.....II-51
ABRD Inks R&D Agreement with Dyadic.....II-51
Abengoa and Ford Spain Enters into Cooperation Agreement.....II-51
Abengoa’s Biocarburantes Facility Commences Bioethanol Production.....II-51
U.S. Biofuels to Acquire Beatrice Biodiesel.....II-51
US BioEnergy to Purchase Remaining Shares in Val-E.....II-51
1$100
   Honda and RITE Jointly Develop New Ethanol Production Technique .....II-52
Diversified Ethanol Shifts Headquarters to New Building.....II-52
San Carlos to Setup a New Bio-Ethanol Plant.....II-52
Diversified Ethanol Acquires New Ethanol Plant.....II-52
E4World takes over Xcelplus Global.....II-52
1$100
   SunOpta to Divest Cellulosic Ethanol Plant to CRAC.....II-53
Global Ethanol to Setup Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-53
HEO Plans to Setup Ethanol Plant in Canada.....II-53
Bronzeoak to Setup Ethanol Plant in Southern Bukidnon.....II-53
Alternative Energy to Construct Ethanol Plant in Illinois.....II-53
1$100
   Global Renewable to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Wisconsin.....II-54
Andino Sugar Acquires Lacassine Sugar Mill.....II-54
White Energy Acquires U.S. Energy Partners.....II-54
Quadra Energy Purchases Wittig Energy.....II-54
CHS Acquires 28% Stake in U.S. BioEnergy.....II-54
American Ethanol Merges With Marwich.....II-54
Outlook Signs MoU with Parkland Ethanol.....II-54
ADM Signs Marketing Agreement with Siouxland Ethanol.....II-54
1$100
   ADM Inks Pact with Millennium Ethanol.....II-55
US BioEnergy to Purchase Val-E Ethanol.....II-55
NetCo Purchases Assets of Syntec.....II-55
Global Ethanol Acquires 60% Stake in MGP.....II-55
Petrobras Forms Joint Venture With Nippon Alcohol.....II-55
Babcock & Brown Acquires Denco.....II-55
Bion Join Hands with Fair Oaks.....II-55
1$100
   Aventine Signs an Agreement with E³ BioFuels.....II-56
Human BioSystems to Create Subsidiary for Ethanol Business.....II-56
Rusni to Manufacture Ethanol from Sweet Sorghum.....II-56
Earth Ethanol to Acquire Louisiana Ethanol Plant.....II-56
Cristal Union and Erstein Plans to Merge.....II-56
Dollex to Double Ethanol Production Capacity.....II-56
BHL to Invest US$500 Million in Brazil.....II-56
1$100
   Alternative Energy to Construct Ethanol Plants.....II-57
Bunge and Southwest to Set-Up Ethanol Plant.....II-57
Xethanol Collaborates with PRAJ to Build Cellulosic Ethanol Plant in Georgia.....II-57
Coshocton Starts Construction of Ethanol Plant in Ohio.....II-57
CRREIF to Build Ethanol Plant in New Mexico.....II-57
Altra Acquires Goshen Ethanol Plant.....II-57
Maquilagro to Set-Up Ethanol Plant.....II-57
1$100
   Earth Ethanol Inks LOI with ABR.....II-58
Praj to Acquire Ethanol Plants in U.S.....II-58
Grupo Farias to Invest US$900 Million in Sugarcane Business.....II-58
SIL to Establish Ethanol Plant.....II-58
RIL to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Pune.....II-58
Cosan Acquires Bom Retiro.....II-58
EBOF to Build Ethanol Plant in Oklahoma.....II-58
1$100
   Xethanol to Increase Ethanol Production in Blairstown Plant.....II-59
Alternative Energy to Merge with Flex Fuels.....II-59
Alternative Merges with Beemer Energy.....II-59
US BioEnergy Acquires Platte Valley.....II-59
Permolex Acquires Stake in Northeast Biofuels.....II-59
Kleiner Perkins to Acquire 10% Stake in PRAJ Industries.....II-59
New Inverness Acquires Ethanex Energy.....II-59
Ares Partners Acquires Majority Stake in White Energy.....II-59
1$100
   James Monroe Acquires Eagle Installation.....II-60
Xethanol Acquires UTEK’s Advanced Biomass.....II-60
Goldman Acquires Minority Stake in Iogen.....II-60
Holt County to Set-Up Two Ethanol Plants in Nebraska.....II-60
Pure Energy Enters into a JV with Green Star and Bio-Clean Fuels.....II-60
GRE and Headwaters to Construct Blue Flint Ethanol Plant.....II-60
Gold Energy Collaborates with US BioEnergy.....II-60
1$100
   McNational and Slane to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Ohio.....II-61
Hackerproof Acquires Alcar Group.....II-61
US Biofuels Acquires Beatrice Biodiesel.....II-61
Marwich to Acquire American Ethanol.....II-61
Global Ethanol Acquires Coltivare.....II-61
BorsodChem Acquires Petrochemia-Blachownia.....II-61
Cosan Acquires Mundial Ethanol and Sugar Plant.....II-61
1$100
   Agri-Ethanol to Build Ethanol Plant in Aurora.....II-62
Bajaj Hindustan to Expand Sugarcane Crushing Capacity.....II-62
Absolute Energy to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Lyle.....II-62
Merrick & Company Opens New Ethanol Plant.....II-62
Cascade to Acquire Minority Stake in Pacific Ethanol.....II-62
BCML to Expand Sugar and Ethanol Production Capacity.....II-62
Baard Renewables to Construct Ethanol Plant.....II-62
Arizona Grain to Set-Up Ethanol Plant.....II-62
1$100
   Andersons to Build Ethanol Plant in Indiana.....II-63
ACFT to Form JV with OCT Land and Energy Co.....II-63
Central Indiana to Set-Up Ethanol Plant in Marion.....II-63
Alcohol Ltd to Build Ethanol Plant in Columbia.....II-63
Coimex to Construct Ethanol Plant.....II-63
Thai Oil to Set-Up Ethanol Plant.....II-63
GTL Acquires Stake in Illinois River Energy.....II-63
E3 Biofuels Acquires Nebraska BioClean Plant.....II-63
1$100
   Xethanol Purchases Xylose Technologies.....II-64
MECS Acquires Enviro-Chem.....II-64
Jefferson Grain Processors Acquires Cargill Malt.....II-64
Aventine Signs Marketing Agreement with Panda Hereford.....II-64
Pine Lake Corn Starts Ethanol Production in Iowa.....II-64
Hawkeye Renewables Starts Construction of Second Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-64
Sterling Ethanol Commences Construction of Ethanol Plant in Colorado.....II-64
Frontier Ethanol Starts Construction of Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-64
1$100
   Mid-Missouri Energy Starts Ethanol Production in Missouri.....II-65
Husky Energy to Expand Ethanol Plant in Manitoba.....II-65
North Country Ethanol Restarts Ethanol Production in South Dakota.....II-65
Liquid Resources Starts Ethanol Production in Ohio.....II-65
ADM Opts Distribution Partners for 2005.....II-65
ADM Announces Ethanol Price Hike.....II-65
Archer Daniels Midland to Acquire Ethanol Business of Dow.....II-65
1$100
   Abengoa Starts Construction of New Ethanol Plant.....II-66
Northstar Starts Ethanol Production.....II-66
Horizon Ethanol Starts New Ethanol Plant Construction.....II-66
New Ethanol Plant in Ord from Fagen Inc.....II-66
Lyondell Acquires Millennium Chemical.....II-66
BENP Takes Over SODES.....II-66
Midwest Grain Processors Expands Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-66
1$100
   Agri-Energy Starts Construction of Ethanol Plant in Kansas.....II-67
Central Iowa Renewable Energy Starts Construction of Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-67
VeraSun Fort Dodge Starts Construction of Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-67
Voyager Ethanol Starts Construction of Ethanol Plant in Iowa.....II-67
Otter Creek Ethanol Commences Ethanol Production in Iowa.....II-67
Utica Energy Expands Ethanol Plant in Wisconsin.....II-67
Iowa Ethanol to Commence New Plant Operations.....II-67
Ace Ethanol Completes Ethanol Plant Expansion.....II-67
1$100
   Australian Ethanol Limited Acquires Australian Biofuels Pty Ltd......II-68
Australian Ethanol Limited to Acquire Tri State Ethanol Project.....II-68
Suncor to Establish New Ethanol Plant.....II-68
Accessity Corp. to acquire Pacific Ethanol.....II-68
Hawkeye Renewables Starts Ethanol Production.....II-68
Illinois River Energy Constructs New Ethanol Plant.....II-68
1$100
   INDCOR purchases Tri-State Ethanol.....II-69
Bushmills Starts Construction of New Ethanol Plant.....II-69
Panhandle Energies Constructs New Ethanol Plant.....II-69
Monsanto Teams Up with General Motors and NEVC.....II-69
Midwest Renewable Starts Ethanol Production.....II-69
Broin Cos. To Construct New Ethanol Plants.....II-69
Brazilian Ethanol Export Terminal To Start Operations.....II-69
1$100
   Kisumu Ethanol Plant Starts Production.....II-70
Granite Falls to Open New Ethanol Plant.....II-70
New Ethanol Plant from Northern Growers.....II-70
New Ethanol Plant Commences Operation.....II-70
James Valley Commences Production Operations.....II-70
DiamondWorks Acquires Stake in Ethanol Plant in Kenya.....II-70
Northeast Iowa Starts Ethanol Production.....II-70
1$100
   Plover Ethanol Changes Name.....II-71
ADM Buys Minnesota Corn Processors.....II-71
Leading Ethanol Producers Form a New Alliance Group.....II-71
Northern Lights Establishes Ethanol Plant.....II-71
Michigan Ethanol Launches Ethanol Plant.....II-71
Adkins Energy Completes Construction of Ethanol Plant.....II-71
Thailand Grants Ethanol Plant Licenses.....II-71
1$100
   JJR Partners Starts Design Operations of New Ethanol Plant.....II-72
Chevron USA Bags Patents for Reformulated Gasoline Production.....II-72
Minnesota Corn Mill Ethanol Plant Strikes a Deal With Environmental Protection
  Agency.....II-72
Abengoa Acquires High Plains.....II-72
Badger State Ethanol Starts Ethanol Production.....II-72
1$100
   Marubeni and Tsukishima Kikai Acquire Exclusive Rights from BC International.....II-73
India Signs MOU With Brazil for Blending Ethanol With Diesel.....II-73
Williams Bio-Energy Inks Marketing Agreement with Tri-State Ethanol.....II-73
Williams Co. Inks Pact with Ace Ethanol.....II-73
Williams Bio Energy Signs Agreement with Kinder Morgan Energy Partners.....II-73
High Plains Corp. Upgrades Ethanol Plant.....II-73
1$100
   Staley Manufacturing Increases Ethanol Capacity.....II-74
Dakota Ethanol Commences Ethanol Plant Operations.....II-74
Henan Nanyang Tianguan Group Corp. Begins Production.....II-74
Novozymes Biotech Develops Enzymes For Conversion of Biomass to Ethanol.....II-74
Cubacol and Fine Alcohol Distillery Joint Venture Begins Operations.....II-74
Abengoa and Azucarera Ebro Agricolas Form a Joint Venture.....II-74
Cuban-Spanish Joint Venture Starts Operations.....II-74
High Plains Sells Portales Ethanol Facility.....II-74
1$100
   Japanese Researchers Produce Ethanol Thirty times more Efficiently.....II-75
1$100
   Abengoa Bioenergy Corporation (USA).....II-76
Açúcar Guarani S/A (Brazil).....II-76
AltraBiofuels (USA).....II-76
Ancom Berhad (Malaysia).....II-76
1$100
   Archer Daniels Midland Co. (USA).....II-77
Aventine Renewable Energy, Inc (USA).....II-77
Cargill, Inc. (USA).....II-77
1$100
   Chief Ethanol Fuels Inc. (USA).....II-78
Copersucar (Cooperativa de Produtores de Cana-de-Açúcar, Açúcar e Álcool do Estado de
  São Paulo) (Brazil).....II-78
Cosan S/A Ind. e Comércio (Cosan S/A) (Brazil).....II-78
Delta-T (USA).....II-78
1$100
   Glacial Lakes Energy, LLC (USA).....II-79
Greenfield Ethanol, Inc. (Canada).....II-79
Green Star Products, Inc. (USA).....II-79
1$100
   ICrystal, Inc. (USA).....II-80
MGP Ingredients, Inc. (USA).....II-80
Orkla As (Norway).....II-80
POET Ethanol Products (USA).....II-80
Santelisa Vale (Brazil).....II-80
1$100
   Sasol Ltd. (South Africa).....II-81
Southridge Ethanol, Inc. (USA).....II-81
Tiger Renewable Energy, Ltd. (Canada).....II-81
Usina São Martinho S/A (Brazil).....II-81
1$100
   VeraSun Energy Corp. (USA).....II-82
White Energy, Inc. (USA).....II-82
1$100
   Table 8: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/ Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-831$300
   Table 9: World Long-term Projections for Ethanol by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-841$300
   Table 10: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/ Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-851$300
   Table 11: World Long-term Projections for Ethanol by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-861$300
   Table 12: World Historic Review for Ethanol by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-871$300
   Table 13: World Historic Review for Ethanol by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia- Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in US$ Million for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-881$300
   Table 14: World 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets for Years 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-891$300
   Table 15: World 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Value Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets for Years 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-901$300
   Table 16: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol in Solvents by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-911$300
   Table 17: World Long-term Projections for Ethanol in Solvents by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/ Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-921$300
   Table 18: World Historic Review for Ethanol in Solvents by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-931$300
   Table 19: World 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol in Solvents by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets for Years 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-941$300
   Table 20: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol in Chemical Intermediates by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-951$300
   Table 21: World Long-term Projections for Ethanol in Chemical Intermediates by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-961$300
   Table 22: World Historic Review for Ethanol in Chemical Intermediates by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/ Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-971$300
   Table 23: World 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol in Chemical Intermediates by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets for Years 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-981$300
   Table 24: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol in Fuels by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-991$300
   Table 25: World Long-term Projections for Ethanol in Fuels by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1001$300
   Table 26: World Historic Review for Ethanol in Fuels by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Middle East and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1011$300
   Table 27: World 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol in Fuels by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets for Years 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1021$300
   Table 28: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol in Food & Beverages by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1031$300
   Table 29: World Long-term Projections for Ethanol in Food & Beverages by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1041$300
   Table 30: World Historic Review for Ethanol in Food & Beverages by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1051$300
   Table 31: World 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol in Food & Beverages by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets for Years 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1061$300
   Table 32: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol in Other Applications by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1071$300
   Table 33: World Long-term Projections for Ethanol in Other Applications by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1081$300
   Table 34: World Historic Review for Ethanol in Other Applications by Geographic Region – US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1091$300
   Table 35: World 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol in Other Applications by Geographic Region – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, Asia-Pacific (excluding Japan), Middle East/Africa and South American Markets for Years 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1101$300
   A. Market Analysis.....III-1
Market Overview.....III-1
Historic Review.....III-1
Industry Overview.....III-1
1$75
   Rapidly Rising US Ethanol Market.....III-21$75
   Vital Statistics.....III-3
Table 36: US Fuel Additives Market (2003-2013): Percentage Breakdown of Demand in Value by Type-Commodity additives (Ethanol, MTBE, Biodiesel, and Other Commodities) and Specialty additives (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-3

Table 37: Production of Ethanol in the US: 2000-2006 (In Million Gallons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-3
1$150
   Table 38: US Fuel Ethanol Production Capacity (2007): Breakdown by Major Producing States for Iowa, Nebraska, Illinois, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Indiana, Michigan, Kansas, Missouri, North Dakota and Texas in Million Gallons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-4

Table 39: US Imports of Ethanol (2005 & 2006): Breakdown by Region – Brazil, Jamaica, El Salvador, China, Costa Rica, South Africa, Trinidad and Tobago, Pakistan, Argentina, Canada, and Others (In US$ Million) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-4

Table 40: US Imports of Ethanol from Brazil: 2002- 2006 (In Million Gallons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-4
1$150
   Table 41: US Industrial Grade Ethanol Consumption as Solvent by Category: Percentage Breakdown for 2006 for Toiletries & Cosmetics, Coatings & Inks, Detergents & Household Cleaners, Processing Solvents, External Pharmaceuticals and Miscellaneous (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-5

Table 42: US Industrial Grade Ethanol Consumption as Chemical Intermediary by Product Category: Percentage Breakdown for 2006 for Ethyl Acrylate, Distilled Vinegar, Ethylamines, Ethyl Acetate, Glycol Ethers and Miscellaneous (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-5
Ethanol - A Vastly Polarized Market.....III-5
Table 43: Annual Production Capacity of Leading US Ethanol Producers - 2006 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-5
1$150
   Table 44: Leading Fuel Ethanol Producers in the US (2006): Percentage Volume Breakdown by Production Capacity for Archer Daniels Midland (ADM), U.S. BioEnergy Corp., VeraSun Energy Corporation, Hawkeye Renewables, Aventine Renewable Energy, Cargill, Inc., Abengoa Bioenergy Corp., New Energy Corp., MGP Ingredients, Tate & Lyle, Chief Ethanol, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-6
Poised for Growth.....III-6
Ethanol Use Reduces Greenhouse Gas Emissions.....III-6
1$150
   California and other States Shift to Ethanol.....III-7
US Government Backs Ethanol Industry.....III-7
Government Initiatives Boost Market.....III-7
DOE to Offer Federal Funding for Five Ethanol Conversion Projects.....III-7
1$75
   Booming Ethanol Market Boosts US Economy.....III-8
Only Solution for Troubled Oil Market.....III-8
Corn Prices Influence Profit Margin.....III-8
Cellulose - An Alternative Feedstock.....III-8
1$75
   DOE to Provide Federal Funding for Six Cellulosic Ethanol Plants.....III-9
Outlook.....III-9
Emergence of Renewable Ethanol.....III-9
1$75
   Increasing Popularity of Fuel Ethanol Among Auto Manufacturers.....III-10
Benefits to Consumers.....III-10
Alternative Fuels - An Emerging Concept.....III-10
The RFG Program.....III-10
1$75
   Use of Fuel Ethanol Endorsed by the US ‘Clean Air Act’.....III-11
Ethanol Producers and Consumers (EPAC).....III-11
CARB’s Comingling Decision.....III-11
Minnesota Implements New Regulations to Increase Ethanol Content in Fuel.....III-11
Western States - Trend towards Ethanol- Blended Gasoline.....III-11
1$75
   Northeast - Focus on Biofuel-Based Ethanol.....III-12
California - Largest Consumer of Ethanol Blended Gasoline.....III-12
Ethanol Industry in Iowa: A Boon for Farmers.....III-12
Table 45: US Ethanol Market (2007 & 2012): Percentage Breakdown of Demand for Corn in Producing Ethanol.....III-12
Florida’s Anti-Pollution Measures.....III-12
1$150
   Regulatory Environment.....III-13
Energy Bill Offers Additional Increase in Demand For Ethanol.....III-13
EPA to Take Enforcement Action Against Ethanol Producers.....III-13
Wisconsin Law to Boost the Production of Ethanol.....III-13
1$75
   Looming Troubles in Ethanol Industry.....III-14
Is the Green Credibility of Coal-Fired Ethanol Industry At Risk?.....III-14
A Recent Past Overview.....III-14
What Lured Ethanol Players to Enter US Market?.....III-14
1$75
   Fuel Ethanol Production in the US.....III-15
Table 46: US Fuel Ethanol Production Capacity in Million Gallons (2004 & 2005): Percentage Breakdown by State for Iowa, Illinois, Nebraska, South Dakota, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Kansas, Missouri, Indiana, Tennessee, Michigan, North Dakota, Kentucky, New Mexico, California, Wyoming, Idaho, Colorado, Washington, Ohio, and Texas (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-15
1$150
   Table 47: Leading Fuel Ethanol Producers in the US (2004): Percentage Volume Breakdown by Production Capacity for Archer Daniels Midland, Aventine Renewable Energy, Inc., Cargill, Inc., New Energy Corp., VeraSun Energy Corporation, Abengoa Bioenergy Corp., Tate & Lyle, Chief Ethanol, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-16

Table 48: Production of Fuel Ethanol in the US: 2002-2005 (In Million Gallons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-16
Fuel Ethanol Imports.....III-16
Table 49: US Imports of Ethanol (2004 & 2005): Breakdown by Region-Jamaica, Costa Rica, Brazil, El Salvador and Trinidad-In Million Gallons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-16
1$150
   Focus on Key Players.....III-17
AltraBiofuels.....III-17
Abengoa Bioenergy Corporation.....III-17
Archer Daniels Midland Co......III-17
1$75
   Aventine Renewable Energy, Inc.....III-18
Cargill, Inc......III-18
Chief Ethanol Fuels Inc......III-18
Delta-T.....III-18
1$75
   Glacial Lakes Energy, LLC.....III-19
Green Star Products, Inc......III-19
ICrystal, Inc......III-19
MGP Ingredients, Inc......III-19
POET Ethanol Products.....III-19
1$75
   Southridge Ethanol, Inc......III-20
VeraSun Energy Corp......III-20
White Energy, Inc......III-20
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-20
22$1000
   B. Market Analytics.....III-42
Table 50: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-42

Table 51: US Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-42
1$150
   Table 52: US Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-43

Table 53: US 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-43
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-44
Historic Review.....III-44
Ethanol Trade.....III-44
Table 54: Canadian Imports and Exports of Ethanol for 2005 & 2006 (In US$ Million).....III-44
Ethanol Industry - Gaining Momentum.....III-44
Overall Industry Picture.....III-44
1$150
   Competition.....III-45
Table 55: Canadian Ethanol Industry in the Recent Past: Production Capacity of Leading Producers for 2004 for Commercial Alcohols Inc., API Grain Processors, Tembec Inc., Pound-Maker Agventures and Husky/Mohawk (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-45
Foreign Oil Sources in Canada.....III-45
1$150
   Focus on the Use of Automotive Fuels Derived from Renewable Biological
  Feedstock.....III-46
Use of Ethanol in Diesel Engines.....III-46
Ethanol as a Fuel - Its Future in Canada.....III-46
Impact of Fuel Ethanol on Different Sectors.....III-46
Favorable Impact on Economy.....III-46
1$75
   Impact of Ethanol-Manufacturing on Food Supply.....III-47
Leads to Reduced Imports of Feedstock.....III-47
Impact of Fuel Ethanol on Agriculture.....III-47
Impact on Grain Prices.....III-47
Co-Products.....III-47
1$75
   Manufacturing and Retailing.....III-48
Ethanol Manufacturing.....III-48
Bright Prospects in the Near Future.....III-48
Retailing Concepts.....III-48
Regulatory Environment.....III-48
A Different Approach - The US Vs the Canadian Government.....III-48
1$75
   Initiatives Taken from Economic and Environmental Perspective.....III-49
Gasoline Standards.....III-49
Regulations Pertinent to the Production and Use of Ethanol-Blended Fuels.....III-49
1$75
   Focus on Key Players.....III-50
Greenfield Ethanol, Inc......III-50
Husky Energy Inc......III-50
Permolex International, L.P......III-50
1$75
   Pound-Maker Agventures Ltd......III-51
Tiger Renewable Energy, Ltd......III-51
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-51
2$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-53
Table 56: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment– Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-53

Table 57: Canadian Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-53
1$150
   Table 58: Canadian Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-54

Table 59: Canadian 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-54
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-55
Historic Review.....III-55
Japan Looks at Ethanol to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions.....III-55
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-55
2$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-57
Table 60: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment– Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-57

Table 61: Japanese Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-57
1$150
   Table 62: Japanese Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-58

Table 63: Japanese 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1991, 1995, 2005 & 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-58
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-59
Ethanol Industry Profile.....III-59
The Kyoto Protocol.....III-59
Market Overview.....III-59
1$75
   Historic Review.....III-60
Leading Ethanol Producing Regions.....III-60
Table 64: European Ethanol Production By Region (2006) - Germany, Spain, France, Sweden, Italy, Poland, Hungary, Lithuania, Netherlands, Czech Republic and Latvia (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-60
1$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-61
Table 65: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by Geographic Region- France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom and Rest of European Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-61

Table 66: European Long-term Projections for Ethanol by Geographic Region- France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom and Rest of European Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-61
1$150
   Table 67: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment– Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-62

Table 68: European Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-62
1$150
   Table 69: European Historic Review for Ethanol by Geographic Region – France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom and Rest of European Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-63

Table 70: European Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-63
1$150
   Table 71: European 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by Geographic Region- Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for France, Germany, Italy, United Kingdom and Rest of European Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-64

Table 72: European 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1991, 1995, 2005 & 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-64
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-65
Market Overview.....III-65
Historic Review.....III-65
Fuel Alcohol Market - Driven by Government Mandates.....III-65
Key Producer of Bio- Ethanol.....III-65
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-65
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-66
Table 73: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment– Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-66
1$150
   Table 74: French Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-67

Table 75: French Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-67
1$150
   Table 76: French 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-68
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-69
Historic Review.....III-69
Strategic Corporate Development.....III-69
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-70
Table 77: German Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment– Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, & Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-70

Table 78: German Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-70
1$150
   Table 79: German Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-71

Table 80: German 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-71
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-72
Historic Review.....III-72
B. Market Analytics.....III-72
Table 81: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment– Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-72
1$150
   Table 82: Italian Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-73

Table 83: Italian Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-73
1$150
   Table 84: Italian 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-74
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-75
Historic Review.....III-75
Tate & Lyle PLC – A Leading Player.....III-75
B. Market Analytics.....III-75
Table 85: UK Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment– Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-75
1$150
   Table 86: UK Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-76

Table 87: UK Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment- Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-76
1$150
   Table 88: UK 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-77
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-78
Historic Review.....III-78
Key Player - Orkla AS (Norway).....III-78
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-78
2$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-80
Table 89: Rest of Europe Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-80

Table 90: Rest of Europe Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-80
1$150
   Table 91: Rest of Europe Historic Review by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-81

Table 92: Rest of Europe 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-81
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-82
Historic Review.....III-82
1$75
   Focus on Key Players.....III-83
Ancom Berhad (Malaysia).....III-83
Anchor Ethanol Ltd (New Zealand).....III-83
B. Market Analytics.....III-83
Table 93: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis by Geographic Region - China, India and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-83
1$150
   Table 94: Asia-Pacific Long-term Projections by Geographic Region - China, India and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-84

Table 95: Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis by End Use Segment –Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-84
1$150
   Table 96: Asia-Pacific Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-85

Table 97: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Ethanol by Geographic Region – China, India and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-85
1$150
   Table 98: Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-86

Table 99: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by Geographic Region- Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for China, India and Rest of Asia-Pacific Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-86
1$150
   Table 100: Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-87
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-88
Historic Review.....III-88
China Introduces Ethanol Gasoline in Many Provinces.....III-88
1$75
   Table 101: Chinese Ethanol Industry in the Recent Past (2005): Annual Production Capacity of Leading Players- Jilin Fuel Ethanol Co., Ltd., Henan Tianguan Fuel Ethanol Co., Ltd., Heilongjiang China Resources Alcohol Co., Ltd. and Anhui BBCA Biochemical Co., Ltd. –Ranked by ‘000 Tons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-89

Table 102: Capacity Expansion Completed by Chinese Ethanol Producers in the Recent Past: 2004 & 2005 (In ‘000 Tons) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-89
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-89
2$300
   B. Market Analytics.....III-91
Table 103: Chinese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment –Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-91

Table 104: Chinese Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-91
1$150
   Table 105: Chinese Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-92

Table 106: Chinese 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-92
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-93
Table 107: Indian Ethanol Market in the Recent Past - Annual Production Capacities from 1999-2003 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-93
Consumption of Ethanol.....III-93
Ethanol-Blended Petrol Introduced in India.....III-93
1$150
   GOI to Allow Blending of Ethanol and Petrol.....III-94
GOI to Make 10% Ethanol Blending Mandatory from October 2008.....III-94
Simbhaoli Sugars Limited – A Key Player.....III-94
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-94
3$225
   B. Market Analytics.....III-97
Table 108: Indian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-97

Table 109: Indian Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-97
1$150
   Table 110: Indian Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-98

Table 111: Indian 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-98
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-99
Australia.....III-99
Table 112: Australian Ethanol Market in the Recent Past (2003): Production Capacity of Leading Players for CSR and Manildra Group, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-99
1$150
   Thailand.....III-100
Government Initiatives to Boost Ethanol Industry.....III-100
Table 113: Thailand Ethanol Market (2005): Percentage Breakdown of Production Capacity of Key Producers-Internation Gasohol, Thai Alcohol, Thai Agro Energy, Thai Nguan Ethanol, Khonkaen Alcohol, Pornvilai, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-100
1$150
   Table 114: Thailand Ethanol Market (2005): Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales by Leading Distributors-PTT, BCP, Shell (Thailand), Esso (Thailand) and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-101
Ethanol Industry in Doldrums.....III-101
Indonesia.....III-101
Witnessing Gradual Increase in Ethanol Production.....III-101
1$150
   Ethanol Production Capacity Expansion Plans Underway.....III-102
South Korea.....III-102
South Korea Seeks Assistance from Indonesia.....III-102
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-102
2$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-104
Table 115: Rest of Asia-Pacific Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-104
1$150
   Table 116: Rest of Asia-Pacific Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-105

Table 117: Rest of Asia-Pacific Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-105
1$150
   Table 118: Rest of Asia-Pacific 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-106
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-107
Historic Review.....III-107
Sasol Ltd. – A Key Player.....III-107
1$75
   Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-108
B. Market Analytics.....III-108
Table 119: Middle East/Africa Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-108
1$150
   Table 120: Middle East/Africa Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-109

Table 121: Middle East/Africa Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-109
1$150
   Table 122: Middle East/Africa 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-110
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-111
Historic Review.....III-111
B. Market Analytics.....III-111
Table 123: South American Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by Geographic Region – Brazil, and Rest of South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-111
1$150
   Table 124: South American Long-term Projections for Ethanol by Geographic Region – Brazil, and Rest of South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-112

Table 125: South American Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-112
1$150
   Table 126: South American Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-113

Table 127: South American Historic Review for Ethanol by Geographic Region – Brazil, and Rest of South American Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-113
1$150
   Table 128: South American Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-114

Table 129: South American 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by Geographic Region- Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Brazil and Rest of South American Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012.....III-114
1$150
   Table 130: South American 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-115
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-116
Historic Review.....III-116
World’s Second Largest Consumer of Fuel Ethanol.....III-116
World’s Largest Exporter of Ethanol.....III-116
1$75
   The ‘Proalcool’ Program.....III-117
Industry Highlights.....III-117
Sugarcane Provides Competitive Advantage.....III-117
1$75
   Government to Invest R$12 Billion to Build Ethanol Plants.....III-118
Demand for Cane Ethanol.....III-118
Hydrous Vs. Anhydrous Alcohol.....III-118
Proalcool II.....III-118
1$75
   Ethanol Exports in the Recent Past.....III-119
Table 131: Brazilian Ethanol Exports for 2004: Breakdown by Volume for India, USA, South Korea, Japan, Sweden, Netherlands, Jamaica, Nigeria, Costa Rica and Others in Million Gallons (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-119
Outlook.....III-119
Rising Sugar Prices Cripples Brazilian Ethanol Industry.....III-119
1$150
   Focus on Key Players.....III-120
Açúcar Guarani S/A.....III-120
Copersucar (Cooperativa de Produtores de Cana-de- Açúcar, Açúcar e Álcool do Estado
  de São Paulo) (Brazil).....III-120
Cosan S/A Ind. e Comércio (Cosan S/A).....III-120
Santelisa Vale.....III-120
Usina São Martinho S/A.....III-120
1$75
   Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-1215$375
   B. Market Analytics.....III-126
Table 132: Brazilian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-126
1$150
   Table 133: Brazilian Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-127

Table 134: Brazilian Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-127
1$150
   Table 135: Brazilian 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012(includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-128
1$150
   A. Market Analysis.....III-129
Historic Review.....III-129
Peru- Upcoming Market.....III-129
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-129
2$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-131
Table 136: Rest of South America Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2001 through 2010 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-131

Table 137: Rest of South America Long-term Projections for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-131
1$150
   Table 138: Rest of South America Historic Review for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Sales Figures in Million Gallons for Years 1991 through 2000 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-132

Table 139: Rest of South America 15-Year Perspective for Ethanol by End Use Segment – Percentage Breakdown of Volume Sales for Solvents, Chemical Intermediates, Fuel, Food & Beverage, and Other Markets for 1998, 2008 & 2012 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-132
1$150
    
 
 


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