Research Abstract

This report analyzes the worldwide Cumulative Installations of Submarine Optical Fiber Cables in Thousand Kilometers. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, and South East Asia. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2010 through 2018. Also, a six-year historic analysis is provided for these markets. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 118 companies including many key and niche players such as -

Angola Cables
AT&T, Inc.
Bezeq International Ltd.
Bharti Airtel Limited
China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd.

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Code: MCP-7858
Price: $4500
Companies: 118
Pages: 334
Date: August 2013
Market Data Tables: 37

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   Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations.....I-1  
Data Interpretation & Reporting Level.....I-2
   Product Definitions and Scope of Study.....I-3  
Growth Drivers in a Nutshell.....II-1
   Fiber Optics - The Preferred Transmission Medium for Undersea Applications.....II-2
Internet’s Rising Contribution to Economy: Need for Submarine Cables.....II-2
   Rising Bandwidth Demand Putting the Global Submarine Cables Market in Overdrive.....II-3
Table 1: Global Used Bandwidth (2012 & 2018): Breakdown by Internet and Private Networks (In Tbps) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-3
   Table 2: World Internet Usage Trends (2002-2012): Number of Internet Users and Internet User Base Per 100 People (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-41$350
   Table 3: Worldwide Internet Usage (2006 & 2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of Number of Internet Users for Developed and Developing Economies (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-51$350
   Table 4: Worldwide Active Broadband (Fixed & Mobile) Per 100 People (2013): Breakdown by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-6
Internet Traffic on the Rise.....II-6
   Table 5: Global IP Traffic by Geographic Region (2012 & 2017P) (In exabytes per month) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-71$350
   Table 6: Global IP Traffic by Type of Device (2012 & 2017P): Percentage Share Breakdown of Monthly IP Traffic for Personal Computer, Television, Smartphone, Tablet, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-8
Rise in IP-enabled Devices Necessitates Bandwidth Capacity Expansion.....II-8
   Table 7: Global Mobile Internet Market (2012): Estimated Number of Active Mobile Broadband Subscriptions (in Million) in Developed and Developing Countries (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-91$350
   Table 8: Global Mobile Broadband Market (2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of Active Mobile Broadband Subscriptions by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-10
Decentralization of International Bandwidth Demand & Cable Systems.....II-10
   Table 9: Global Used International Bandwidth by Geographic Region (2007-2012): Ranked by % CAGR for Middle East, Africa, Latin America, Asia, Europe, North America, and Oceania (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-11
Growth in Internet Video to Trigger Use of Submarine Cable Systems.....II-11
   Table 10: Consumer Internet Video Traffic by Geographic Region (2012 & 2017P) (In exabytes per month) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-12
Mobile Videos Streaming Gathers Steam.....II-12
   Table 11: Worldwide Smartphone Penetration Rate by Geographic Region (2012) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-13

Table 12: Global Market for Smartphones (2013E & 2017): Breakdown of Sales (in Million Units) by Geographic Region (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-13
   Impact of Economic Uncertainties on Submarine Cables Market.....II-14
Saturation in Mature Markets Pushes Carriers to Seek New Opportunities.....II-14
   Emerging Markets Offer New World of Possibilities.....II-15
Lack of New Submarine Cable System Installations: A Cause of Concern?.....II-15
Existing Intercontinental Submarine Cable Systems.....II-15
   Upgrades Find Favor over New Subsea Network Installations.....II-16 1$100
   Table 13: Global Submarine Cable Market (2007-2011): Percentage Share Breakdown of Lit Submarine Cable Supply Source - New Cables and Upgrades for Trans-Atlantic, Trans-Pacific, US-Latin America, Intra-Asia and Europe-Egypt Routes (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-171$350
   Table 14: Worldwide Submarine Cable Network Market (2009-2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of 10G, 40G and 100G by Upgrade Technology (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-18
Cable Deployment Projects for New Routes on the Rise.....II-18
   Table 15: Worldwide New Submarine Cable Construction Projects (2011-2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of Construction Costs for Africa, Europe-Asia, Asia, Latin America & Caribbean, Mediterranean, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-19
Proposed Submarine Cable Projects Worldwide: An Overview.....II-19
   Proposed Submarine Cable Systems.....II-201$100
   Financing Structure of Submarine Cable Systems.....II-21 1$100
   Table 16: Funding for New Submarine Fiber Optic Cable Systems (1987-2012 & 2008-2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of Investment by Financier(s) includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-22
Investments in New Projects: Slow Yet Steady Inflows.....II-22
   Unconventional Applications Provide Growth Opportunities.....II-23
Creating Mesh Networks for Greater Reliability and Faster Connectivity.....II-23
   Low Latency of Cable Systems: Sought After among Electronic Trading Companies.....II-24
Technology Advances Promise Faster Undersea Transmissions.....II-24
   Subsea Cables Encounter Challenges due to Big Data.....II-25
Submarine Cables: At Risk from Snooping, Natural Disasters & Financial Crisis.....II-25
   Congestion, Political Feuds Drive Submarine Cable Companies to Seek Alternate
   SLTE Market: Slowdown Affects Vendor Margins.....II-27 1$100
   Table 17: Leading Vendors in the Global Submarine System Construction Market (2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of Revenues for Alcatel Lucent, TE SubCom, NEC Group and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-28

Table 18: Leading Vendors in the Global Submarine Cables Market (2008-2012): Percentage Share Breakdown of Supply Contracts for Alcatel-Lucent, TE SubCom, NEC, Huawei Marine Networks, Fujitsu, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-28
   Table 19: Leading Suppliers of New Systems in the Submarine Cable Systems Market (2003-2013): Percentage Share Breakdown of New Systems Supplied for Primary Contracts for Alcatel-Lucent, TE SubCom, NEC, Fujitsu, Huawei Marine, NSW, and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-291$350
   Submarine Optical Fiber Cables.....II-30
History and Development.....II-30
   Optical Telephone Cables.....II-31
Basic Structure of Submarine Communication Cable.....II-31
   Other Components of Submarine Cable Network.....II-321$100
   Ownership Structure in Submarine Cable Industry.....II-331$100
   Submarine Cables: An Edge over Satellite Communications.....II-341$100
   Regulations for Cable Deployment and Protection.....II-35
2011 Omnibus Resolution on Oceans and the Law of the Sea: Glance at Key
   A Peek into Provisions of UNCLOS for Undersea Cables.....II-36
Convention for the Protection of Submarine Telegraph Cables.....II-36
Australia: Legal Framework for Submarine Cables.....II-36
   Tata Communications to Introduce 100-Gbps Services on TGN-Atlantic Submarine
  Fiber-Optic Cable System.....II-37
Xtera Communications Introduces 100G Technology for Use in Long-Distance Undersea Cable
TSE-1 consortium Launch TSE-1 Submarine Cable.....II-37
Huawei Marine Releases RPT 1660 and BU1650 for Commercial Availability.....II-37
   Xtera Communications Unveils 100G Technology for Subsea Cable Systems.....II-38
Expresso Telecom Group Introduces ACE Submarine Cable Station.....II-38
   France Telecom to Introduce Fiber Optic Submarine Cable System.....II-39
Reliance Globalcom Introduces New Undersea Cable in Iraq.....II-39
South African Government and Major Telecommunications Operators Introduce WACS
  Submarine Cable System.....II-39
ASSC-1 Communications Group Unveils Perth to Singapore Submarine Cable System.....II-39
   Cyprus Telecommunications Authority Installs DTN-X Platform of Infinera.....II-40
Telstra Installs DTN Solution of Infinera for Optical Subsea Network in Asia.....II-40
   ACE Consortium Unveils ACE Submarine Cable.....II-41
Alcatel-Lucent and Bezeq International Launch Jonah Submarine Cable System Linking
  Israel and Italy.....II-41
   The Consortium Rolls Out West Africa Cable System.....II-42
Bezeq International Unveils Undersea Cable.....II-42
Globacom to Launch Glo-1.....II-42
Hengtong Optic-Electric Rolls out New FTTH, Submarine Cable and 4G Mobile
   Infinera Unveils Instant Bandwidth™ on DTN-X Platform.....II-43
Eurofiber Uses Infinera DTN Platform to Offer 100GbE Services.....II-43
   Libyan Telecom to Launch Syyoum Project.....II-44
Tamares Telecom Launches Undersea Cable System.....II-44
   Sify Technologies to Activate Capacity on Europe India Gateway Undersea Cable
Movistar Unveils Pencan 8 Submarine Cable System Connecting Canary Islands and
SkyVision Global Networks Introduces New Enterprise Services in Nigeria.....II-45
Gulf Bridge International Introduces 100G Connectivity on Undersea Cable Network across
TelOne Introduces Fiber-Optic Link to East African Submarine System.....II-45
   Bharti Airtel and Consortium Launch Europe India Gateway Submarine Cable
Reliance Globalcom Introduces Improved Version of Undersea Cable Networks.....II-46
TE SubCom Secures Contract from Pacific Fibre for Submarine Cable System.....II-46
Alcatel-Lucent Enters into Agreement with Australia- Singapore Cable
   KKCC Deploys Infinera Submarine Solution for Alaskan Subsea Network Upgrade.....II-471$100
   Alcatel-Lucent and Telecom Egypt Introduce TE-NORTH 40G Undersea Cable System.....II-48
Nawras and Tata Communications Unveil Undersea Cable System Network.....II-48
STE and Cyta to Unveil ALASIA Undersea Cable Linking System.....II-48
   India-Middle East-Western Europe Group Launches Undersea Optical Fiber Cable.....II-49
France Telecom-led Consortium to Unveil LION 2 Undersea Cable.....II-49
Bharti Airtel-led Consortium Unveils Undersea Cable System.....II-49
Bharti Airtel-led Consortium Launches EASSy Cable Undersea System.....II-49
   Bezeq International and Alcatel-Lucent to Develop High-Speed Submarine Cable
NEC Completes Integrated Submarine-Cable Ocean Observation Project for Taiwan.....II-50
   Reliance Globalcom Establishes World’s First Mediterranean Hub and Gateway at
   Xtera Communications Launches Nu-Wave XLR.....II-521$100
   Angola Cables Inks Agreement with Epsilon Telecommunications.....II-53
Alcatel-Lucent and WACS Ink Submarine Agreement.....II-53
CWC and Columbus Ink Strategic Alliance.....II-53
   Fujitsu and NEC Conclude Construction of Asia Submarine-cable Express System.....II-54
NEC Secures Supply Contract from Chunghwa Telecom.....II-54
Ezecom and Telekom Malaysia Ink MoU.....II-54
   Alcatel-Lucent to Divest Submarine-cable Unit.....II-55
Global Caribbean Fiber Selects Ciena for Upgrading Antilles Crossing Submarine
Tata Communications Upgrades TGN-Atlantic Sub-Sea Cable System.....II-55
China Unicom Unveils Undersea Fiber-Optic Cable to Link Taiwan and China.....II-55
   TE SubCom Upgrades Trans-Pacific Express Submarine Cable System.....II-56
Alcatel-Lucent and América Móvil to Develop América Móvil 1 Submarine Cable
   Ciena and Farice to Jointly Upgrade DANICE Submarine Cable System.....II-57
Alcatel-Lucent Upgrades Trans-Pacific Cable System.....II-57
   KDDI Chooses Infinera DTN-X with Instant Bandwidth™ for 100G Upgrade of Cable
Infinera Supplies Infinera DTN-X Platform to OVH.....II-58
   Infinera Supplies DTN-X Platform to Pacnet.....II-59
Pacnet to Deploy Integrated OTN Switching and 100 Gb/s Optical Mesh Network.....II-59
   Reliance Globalcom Upgrades Trans-Atlantic FA-1 South Sub-sea Network with
OSI Awards Supply Contract to TE SubCom for the POSEIDON Submarine Cable
OTMT Enters into an Agreement with Telecom Egypt.....II-60
   Omantel Signs Agreement to Construct BBG Submarine Cable System.....II-61
Orange Tunisia and Tunisiana Ink Agreement with Interoute to Commission Didon Submarine
ECFS Consortium Chooses Xtera to Upgrade Festoon Subsea Cable System.....II-61
   Reliance JioInfocomm Inks Agreement with Bharti Airtel Ink Agreement for Using Undersea
Telstra Inks MOU with SubPartners to Build APX West Submarine Cable.....II-62
SEACOM to Construct SAMS Cable.....II-62
   NTT Installs Upgraded 100Gbps Digital Coherent Technology on Trans-Pacific
PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia to Acquire Controlling Interest in Pacnet.....II-63
Alcatel-Lucent Bags Contract to Upgrade MAYA-1 Submarine Cable System.....II-63
   Oceanteam Shipping and WIND Form Joint Venture.....II-64
TIME dotCom Berhad Signs Construction and Maintenance Agreement.....II-64
   Angola Cables and Telebras Ink Agreement.....II-65
PCCW Global Collaborates with Ciena to Upgrade RNAL Cable System.....II-65
Main One Cable Renews Marine Maintenance Contract with Alcatel-Lucent.....II-65
   Telebras and IslaLink Ink Memorandum of Understanding for Submarine Cable
Chunghwa Telecom Completes Work on Kinmen- Xiamen Submarine Cable System.....II-66
Tamares Telecom Deploys Xtera’s Nu-Wave Optima Platform in Submarine Line Terminal
  Equipment Configuration.....II-66
Alcatel-Lucent Signs Agreement with Main One Cable Company for Renewing Maintenance
   Angola Cable Launches Angola-Brazil Undersea Cable System.....II-67
Telefonica International Wholesale Services to Upgrade Undersea Cable System with
  Infinera DTN-X Platform.....II-67
   PIPE Networks to Upgrade Submarine Cable System with Infinera DTN-X Platform.....II-68
Mitsubishi Electric Completes Upgrade of India-Middle East-Western Europe Cable Network
   Gulf Bridge International and Xtera Communications Introduce Repeatered Submarine Cable
Reliance Globalcom to Upgrade FLAG Europe-Asia Undersea Network with Ciena's WaveLogic™
  100G Networking Solutions.....II-69
   Tata Communications Completes Construction of Tata Global Network-Eurasia Cable
Vodafone Acquires Cable and Wireless Worldwide.....II-70
   Emerald Networks Selects TE SubCom.....II-71
ACPL, IOCPL and Global Marine Renew Undersea Cable Maintenance Contracts.....II-71
Global Marine Bags Cable Maintenance Contract for the NAZ.....II-71
ASSC-1 to Establish New Perth to Singapore ASSC-1 Submarine Cable System.....II-71
   NTT Communications Announces ASE Link to Hong Kong.....II-72
GlobeNet Announces Extension of Subsea Network to Colombia.....II-72
   GBI Connects Undersea Cable to Iraq.....II-73
SomCable Selects Bluwan for Expanding High-Speed Wireless Internet Service in
Seaborn Networks to Establish Direct Link between New York and Sao Paulo.....II-73
LION2 Undersea Fiber-Optic Cable System Adds Kenya to LION Network.....II-73
   Digicel Announces FibraLink Extension to Haiti.....II-74
Sify Technologies Sets Up Subsea Cable Landing Station in Mumbai.....II-74
Sify, MENA Submarine Cable System S.A.E., Enter LPA.....II-74
TE SubCom Announces Completion of TGN-Gulf and TGN-EA Undersea Cables.....II-74
   Telmax Obtains Approval for AMX-1 Submarine Cable from SEMARNAT.....II-75
Tonga Cable Selects Alcatel-Lucent for Laying Undersea Cable Links.....II-75
Angolan Government Opens Submarine Cable Station.....II-75
   Latin American Nautilus Upgrades its Submarine Network.....II-76
Ciena® Corporation Collaborates with LION2 Consortium.....II-76
   Main One Increases Lit Capacity on Submarine Fibre Optic Cable System.....II-77
SCCN and AARNet Enhance Capacity.....II-77
   CALIENT to Provide Photonic Switching to SCCN.....II-781$100
   Batelco and GBI Enter into Agreement.....II-79
Huawei Marine Inks Construction Contract for Hibernia Atlantic's GFN Project Express
Phase3 Telecom and Main One Ink Partnership Agreement.....II-79
   Sidera Selects Seaborn for Expanding Network in Sao Paulo, Brazil.....II-80
Scripps and Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory Collaborate with TE SubCom.....II-80
   NTT Communications and Asian Telecommunication Carriers Sign Agreement.....II-81
KT and Global Consortium Collaborates for High- Speed Submarine Communications
Level 3 Communications Acquires Global Crossing.....II-81
   Kokusai Cable Ship and Xtera Communications Receive Contract for Building GOKI
  Submarine Cable System from AT&T.....II-82
Vodafone and Pacific Fibre Sign Agreement.....II-82
TE SubCom and Global Nexus Telecommunications Ink Supply Contract.....II-82
   Donghwa Telecom to Invest in Joint Venture for Southeast Asia Japan Cable.....II-83
Digicel Obtains Submarine Cable Carrier License from Office of the Utilities
NEC and Fujitsu Sign Agreement for Asia Submarine- Cable Express System.....II-83
   StarHub, Philippine Long Distance Telephone and NTT Communications Ink
NEC and TE SubCom Secures Contract from South- East Asia Japan Cable (SJC) System
   Telekom Malaysia BHDTM to Invest in Cahaya Malaysia.....II-85
NEC Inks Deal with Nippon Telegraph & Telephone.....II-85
China United, Taiwan International Gateway, Far EasTone and Chunghwa Telecom Ink
Tyco Electronics Subsea Communications to Offer 40G Upgrade.....II-85
Netriplex Extends Global Network to Amsterdam and London.....II-85
   Interoute Successfully Deploys Infinera’s 500 Gbps PICs.....II-86
MedNautilus Selects Infinera to Upgrade Subsea Network.....II-86
   Columbus Networks Selects Repeatered Submarine Line Terminal Equipment of
Kokusai Cable Ship and Xtera Communications Obtain Contract from AT&T to Establish GOKI
  Submarine Cable System.....II-87
   Xtera and LIME Deploy Caribbean East West Cable Network.....II-881$100
   Reliance Globalcom Selects 40G Optical Networking Solution of Ciena to Upgrade FNAL
  Submarine Network.....II-89
NTT Communications to Upgrade PC-1 Submarine Cable System.....II-89
   Reliance Globalcom Upgrades Submarine Cable System.....II-90
Caucasus Online and TE SubCom Sign Contract to Upgrade Caucasus Submarine Cable
Columbus Networks and TE SubCom to Enter into Partnership to Upgrade CFX-1 Submarine
  Cable System.....II-90
TE SubCom Upgrades Submarine Cable System.....II-90
   Alcatel-Lucent and TE SubCom Expand Pacific End-to-End Maintenance Program.....II-91
LITC Commissions New Enhanced Submarine Cable System Connecting Libya to Italy.....II-91
Huawei Marine Commissions MKCS.....II-91
   MTN to Extend WACS to Ghana.....II-92
NEC Enters into Contract with Consortium of Companies.....II-92
   France Telecom-Orange Takes Over Elettra- Sincrotrone Trieste from Telecom
Government of Nigeria Inks Agreement with eFive Telecoms and Seacom.....II-93
Vodafone Qatar Inks Agreement with Gulf Bridge International.....II-93
du Inks Agreement with Gulf Bridge International.....II-93
   Gulf Bridge International Inks Agreement with Iraq Telecommunications and Post.....II-94
Sify Technologies Inks Agreement with Gulf Bridge International.....II-94
Gulf Bridge International Enters into Partnership with Pacnet.....II-94
   Alcatel-Lucent Enters into Contract with Seychelles Cable System.....II-95
CanaLink and Alcatel-Lucent Ink Contract for Submarine Cable Network.....II-95
   Sify Enters into Agreement with Gulf Bridge.....II-96
Gulf Bridge and Qtel Sign Landing Party Agreement.....II-96
Galaxy Backbone and Main One Cable Company Partner to Deliver Superior Voice and Data
   Alcatel-Lucent (France).....II-97
Angola Cables (Angola).....II-97
AT&T, Inc. (US).....II-97
   Bezeq International Ltd. (Israel).....II-981$100
   Bharti Airtel Limited (India).....II-99
China United Network Communications Group Co., Ltd. (Hong Kong).....II-99
   Ciena Corporation (US).....II-100
Emerald Networks, Inc. (US).....II-100
   Fujitsu Limited (Japan).....II-101
Globacom Limited (Nigeria).....II-101
   Gulf Bridge International, Inc. (US).....II-102
Huawei Marine Networks Co., Limited (China).....II-102
Infinera Corporation (US).....II-102
   Interoute Communications Ltd. (UK).....II-103
Kokusai Cable Ship Co., Ltd. (Japan).....II-103
   Main One Cable Company Limited (Nigeria).....II-104
Mitsubishi Electric Corporation (Japan).....II-104
   NSW (Germany).....II-105
NTT Communications Corporation (Japan).....II-105
   Orange Marine (France).....II-106
Pacnet Limited (Singapore, Hong Kong).....II-106
PCCW Global (Hong Kong).....II-106
   PIPE Networks Pty Ltd (Australia).....II-107
Reliance Globalcom Ltd. (UK).....II-107
Seaborn Networks LLC (US).....II-107
StarHub Ltd. (Singapore).....II-107
   Tata Communications Limited (India).....II-1081$100
   TE SubCom (US).....II-109
Telkom SA SOC Limited (South Africa).....II-109
   Vodafone Global (UK).....II-110
Xtera Communications, Inc. (US).....II-110
   Table 20: World Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) by Geographic Region - Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, South East Asia, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1111$350
   Table 21: World Historic Review for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) by Geographic Region - Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, South East Asia, and Others Markets Independently Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1121$350
   Table 22: World 15-Year Perspective for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Cumulative Installations for Africa, Transatlantic, Europe & Mediterranean, Transpacific, South East Asia, and Others Markets for the Years 2004, 2013 & 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-1131$350
   A. Market Analysis.....III-1
Need for Connectivity Drives Focus onto Submarine Cables.....III-1
   Existing West African & East African Intercontinental Systems.....III-2
Imminent Explosion in International Connectivity through Submarine Cables.....III-2
Proposed Sub-Saharan African Intercontinental Systems.....III-2
   High-Capacity Submarine Cables to Wire-up Africa.....III-3
Emergence of VoIP Services.....III-3
African Countries Take Measures to Control High Cost of Bandwidth.....III-3
   New Submarine Cables to Boost Internet Connectivity in Africa.....III-4
Extending Connectivity to Land-locked Nations is Key for Future Growth.....III-4
Seacom, Eassy Experience Problems on Undersea Cable Systems.....III-4
   East Africa.....III-5
Submarine Cable Systems Spur Demand for Broadband Internet Services.....III-5
Surging Demand for Mobile Communications & Internet Services.....III-5
West Africa.....III-5
Launch of New Cable Systems to Bring Broadband Connectivity.....III-5
   Southern Africa.....III-6
Submarine Cable Systems to Drive-down Bandwidth Prices.....III-6
   Delay in Approval for National Broadband Policy Affects Investments.....III-7
Product/Service Launches.....III-7
   Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-116$450
   Key Players.....III-172$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-19
Table 23: African Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-19

Table 24: African Historic Review for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-19
   A. Market Analysis.....III-20
Transatlantic: The Largest Submarine Cable Route.....III-20
   A Glance at Existing Transatlantic Cable Systems.....III-21
Planned Transatlantic Cable Systems.....III-21
   Table 25: Activated Transatlantic Capacity (2007-2012) (In Gbps) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-22
The United States.....III-22
US Government Tightens Control on Undersea Cable Services and Systems.....III-22
The New Framework and its Objectives.....III-22
   Latin America.....III-23
   Table 26: International Bandwidth Demand in South America (2013): Percentage Share Breakdown by Country (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-24
New Wave of Projects Hit Latin America.....III-24
   Brazil: A Lucrative Connectivity Target for Submarine Cable Projects.....III-25
Product/Service Launches.....III-25
   Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-283$225
   Key Players.....III-314$300
   B. Market Analytics.....III-35
Table 27: Transatlantic Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-35

Table 28: Transatlantic Historic Review for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-35
   A. Market Analysis.....III-36
South Asia & Middle East Submarine Cable Route: A Review.....III-36
Existing South Asian Interregional Systems.....III-36
   Proposed South Asian Interregional Systems.....III-37
Submarine Cables in Asia: High Growth Opportunities.....III-37
India: Submarine Cables Market on Expansion Mode.....III-37
   Telecom Majors Team Up for Submarine Cable Projects.....III-381$75
   Monopoly Allegations in CLS Sector Hits Submarine Cables Market.....III-391$75
   Accidental & Intentional Threats Affect Communications.....III-40
The Middle East.....III-40
Limited Submarine Cable Systems Lead to High Broadband Prices.....III-40
Egypt: An Important Host of Submarine Cables.....III-40
   Product/Service Launches.....III-415$375
   Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-467$525
   Key Players.....III-534$300
   B. Market Analytics.....III-57
Table 29: Europe & Mediterranean Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2010 through 2018 (includes orresponding Graph/Chart).....III-57

Table 30: Europe & Mediterranean Historic Review for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-57
   A. Market Analysis.....III-58
Transpacific Route: A Brief Review.....III-58
   Table 31: Activated Transpacific Capacity (2007-2012) (in Gbps) (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-59
Existing Transpacific Cable Systems.....III-59
   Planned Transpacific Cable Systems.....III-60
Japan: Earthquake and Tsunami Disrupt Fiber-Optic Submarine Cables.....III-60
Australia & New Zealand.....III-60
Existing Australia/New Zealand Intercontinental Systems.....III-60
   Proposed Australia/New Zealand Intercontinental Systems.....III-61
High Cost of Internet Data Transmission over Submarine Cables.....III-61
   Creating Mesh Networks for Greater Reliability and Faster Connectivity.....III-62
Pacific Fibre’s New Cable Plan Collapses.....III-62
New Cables: Still a Viable Proposition?.....III-62
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-62
   Key Players.....III-713$225
   B. Market Analytics.....III-74
Table 32: Transpacific Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-74

Table 33: Transpacific Historic Review for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-74
   A. Market Analysis.....III-75
Pan-East Asia Route: A Review.....III-75
Existing Pan-East Asian Systems.....III-75
Proposed Pan-East Asian Systems.....III-75
Challenges Facing Intra-Asian Market for Submarine Cables.....III-75
   Product/Service Launches.....III-761$75
   Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-777$525
   Key Players.....III-843$225
   B. Market Analytics.....III-87
Table 34: South East Asia Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-87
   Table 35: South East Asia Historic Review for Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-881$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-89
North America-South America Route.....III-89
Existing US-Brazil Cable Systems.....III-89
   Proposed Latin American Submarine Cable Systems.....III-90
Cuba Gets First Undersea Cable.....III-90
Arctic/ Polar Route.....III-90
   Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-917$525
   B. Market Analytics.....III-98
Table 36: Recent Past, Current and Future Analysis for Other Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Market Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2010 through 2018 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-98

Table 37: Historic Review for Other Submarine Cables (Optical Fibers) Market Analyzed with Cumulative Installations in ‘000 Kilometers for the Years 2004 through 2009 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-98
Total Companies Profiled: 118 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 127)

Region/Country Players

The United States 20 Japan 11 Europe 30 France 4 Germany 2 The United Kingdom 10 Italy 2 Spain 3 Rest of Europe 9 Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) 33 Latin America 7 Africa 16 Middle East 10
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