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ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION (ETC) SYSTEMS - A GLOBAL STRATEGIC BUSINESS REPORT   

Research Abstract

This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems in US$ Million. The report provides separate comprehensive analytics for the US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, South Korea and Rest of World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the period 2014 through 2022. Market data and analytics are derived from primary and secondary research. Company profiles are primarily based on public domain information including company URLs. The report profiles 60 companies including many key and niche players such as -

3M
Atlantia SpA
G.E.A
International Road Dynamics, Inc.
Kapsch TrafficCom AG

Click here to request a full list of companies covered in the report...

Code: MCP-1635
Price: $4950
Companies: 60
Pages: 232
Date: January 2017
Market Data Tables: 24
  Status: * New Report



TABLE OF CONTENTS


  ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION (ETC) SYSTEMS (Complete Report) Pages : 232   | $4950

   Study Reliability and Reporting Limitations.....I-1  
   Disclaimers.....I-2
Data Interpretation & Reporting Level.....I-2
  
   Product Definitions and Scope of Study.....I-3  
   Road User Charging – A Perspective.....II-1
Highway Tolling: A Necessity in 21st Century Highway Maintenance & Development.....II-1
2$200
   Electronic Toll Collection: Transforming Traditional Toll Collection
  Procedures.....II-3
The Need for Infrastructure Funding – Business Case for ETC Systems.....II-3
1$100
   Table 1: Investments Required for Road Infrastructure Worldwide for Years 2013-2030 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-4
Justifying High Implementation Costs – A Must for Attracting Investments on ETC
  Projects.....II-4
ETC Market Remains Relatively Cushioned Against Economic Fluctuations Seen in Recent
  Past.....II-4
2$350
   After Excellent Growth During 2014 to 2016, Market to Stabilize in 2017 &
  Beyond.....II-6
1$100
   Table 2: Number of ETC Lanes and ETC Subscribers Consolidated for Select European Countries for Years 2011 through 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-7
Developed Markets – Traditional Revenue Contributors for ETC Systems.....II-7
1$350
   Developing Markets to Remain Growth Hotspots.....II-8
Low Penetration in Developing Countries Points Towards High Growth Potential.....II-8
1$100
   Competitive Scenario.....II-9
List of Select Leading Players by Category.....II-9
Industry Witnesses Consolidation.....II-9
1$100
   Need to Avoid Lengthy Waiting Lines & Environmental Pollution at Toll Plazas to Drive
  Demand for ETC Systems on Highways.....II-10
Tolling as Means to Reduce Road Congestion & Vehicular Pollution Drives Demand for
  ETC Systems in Urban Metropolis Areas.....II-10
2$200
   Table 3: Vehicles Per Kilometer of Road by Select Country as of 2015 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-121$350
   Government Focus on Open Road Electronic Tolling: A Key Growth Driver.....II-13
Growing Focus on ITS Deployments Augurs Well for ETC Market.....II-13
Opportunity Indicators.....II-13
Table 4: Growth in the Global Intelligent Transportation Systems Market: Compounded Annual Growth Rates (CAGR) % of Annual Revenue by Country/Region for Period 2015-2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-13
1$350
   Table 5: Smart Transport Investments Worldwide (2015): Percentage Share Breakdown by Sector - Traffic Management Systems, Smart Charging Management Systems and Others (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-14

Table 6: Investments in Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) As a Percentage Share of GDP in Select Countries Worldwide - South Korea, Japan and the US for the year 2013 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-14
Lower Operational Costs of ETC Systems Enable Increased Acceptance.....II-14
1$350
   Increased Payment Convenience for Users Propels ETC Market.....II-15
Roaming Arrangements Boost Effectiveness of ETC System.....II-15
Encouraging Use of Transponder - The Need of the Hour.....II-15
Innovation & Market Differentiation – Key Determinants for Success of ETS
  Projects.....II-15
1$100
   Smart Cards in Demand for ETC Systems.....II-16
Convergence With Mobile Communications: A Shot in the Arm for ETC Systems.....II-16
GPS/GSM-based Toll Collection – New Avenues in Road User Charging.....II-16
1$100
   GNSS: A Potential Tool for TDP Tolling.....II-17
Product Developments – The Saga Continues.....II-17
1$100
   Emerging ETC Technologies.....II-18
Odometer Tolling.....II-18
Satellite-based Tolling.....II-18
1$100
   Advantages.....II-19
Disadvantages.....II-19
Mobile Phone Tolling.....II-19
Bluetooth Detection.....II-19
1$100
   Electronic Tolling Technology for Improved Traffic Management.....II-20
Time-of-Day Pricing.....II-20
Dynamic Pricing.....II-20
Key Issues & Challenges.....II-20
Electronic Toll Collection – The Privacy Factor.....II-20
1$100
   High Upfront Costs & Low Awareness Delay Wider Adoption of ETC Systems in
  Developing Nations.....II-21
High-Speed Electronic Collection – Key Hurdles.....II-21
Violation Enforcement Imperative to Leverage True Potential of ETC Systems.....II-21
1$100
   Measures for Enforcement.....II-22
Image Capture of License Plates.....II-22
Acquisition of Name and Address.....II-22
Violator Payment.....II-22
Legal Aspects of Toll Enforcement.....II-22
1$100
   Toll Roads.....II-23
History of Toll Roads.....II-23
Varying Forms of Toll Operations.....II-23
1$100
   Toll Collection.....II-24
Manual Toll Collection.....II-24
Automatic Toll Collection.....II-24
Electronic Toll Collection.....II-24
Electronic Toll Collection – A Prelude.....II-24
1$100
   ETC System Components.....II-25
Major Application Systems.....II-25
Automatic Vehicle Identification (AVI) Systems.....II-25
1$100
   AVI Technologies.....II-26
RFID – The Basic Technology for AVI.....II-26
Types of RFID Tags.....II-26
¬¬ Active RFID Tags.....II-26
Passive RFID Tags.....II-26
The eGo™ System – TransCore’s Leading RFID Product.....II-26
1$100
   eGo Tags.....II-27
eGo Readers.....II-27
Electronic Tags.....II-27
RF Tags.....II-27
Types of RF Tags.....II-27
1$100
   RF Smart Tags.....II-28
Smart Cards Incorporating RF Transponders.....II-28
Roadside Antennas.....II-28
Roadside Readers.....II-28
Communication Systems.....II-28
1$100
   Inductive-Loop Systems.....II-29
Optical Systems.....II-29
Optical License Plate Recognition.....II-29
Bar Coding.....II-29
1$100
   Surface Acoustical Wave.....II-30
Communication from Readers to Centralized Computer System.....II-30
Automatic Identification of Vehicles by Plate Reading.....II-30
License Plate Recognition (LPR).....II-30
1$100
   Structure of the LPR System.....II-31
Plate Region Extraction.....II-31
Segmentation.....II-31
Character Recognition.....II-31
1$100
   AVI Systems – Major Applications.....II-32
Automatic Vehicle Classification (AVC) Systems.....II-32
AVC Technologies.....II-32
Treadles.....II-32
Electromechanical Treadles.....II-32
Piezoelectric Treadles.....II-32
1$100
   Optical Treadles.....II-33
Resistive Rubber Treadles.....II-33
Weigh-in-Motion Equipment/Devices.....II-33
Bending Plates.....II-33
Piezoelectric Sensors.....II-33
Capacitive Strip.....II-33
Inductive Loops.....II-33
Scanning Devices.....II-33
1$100
   Laser Scanners.....II-34
Infrared Scanners.....II-34
Ultrasonic Scanners.....II-34
Video-based Image Processing Devices.....II-34
Light Beams.....II-34
Light Curtains.....II-34
Violation Enforcement Systems (VES).....II-34
1$100
   VES – Key Technologies.....II-35
Image/Photographic Cameras.....II-35
Video Image Processing Systems.....II-35
Videotape Recording.....II-35
Video Based Digital Imaging.....II-35
Transaction Processing Systems.....II-35
Classification Based on Technology.....II-35
Radio Frequency Identification (RFID).....II-35
1$100
   Dedicated Short Range Communication based ETC Systems.....II-36
Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS).....II-36
Global Positioning Systems (GPS)-based ETC Systems.....II-36
1$100
   A Comparison of DSRC and GPS based ETC Systems.....II-371$100
   GSM.....II-38
Classification Based on Lanes.....II-38
Single-Lane ETC Systems.....II-38
Open Road Tolling/ Multi-Lane Free Flow ETC Systems.....II-38
ETC System – OBU Classification.....II-38
Read-only Systems.....II-38
1$100
   Read/write Systems.....II-39
ETC Toll Collection Process.....II-39
Fixing of Toll Rate.....II-39
Means of Toll Collection.....II-39
Postpaid Account.....II-39
Prepaid Account.....II-39
1$100
   Violation Enforcement.....II-40
Accounting and Management.....II-40
Interoperability.....II-40
Various Types of Interoperability.....II-40
Transponder-level Interoperability.....II-40
Peer-to-Peer Interoperability.....II-40
Consolidated Operations.....II-40
1$100
   Travel Time Data Measurement – An Overview.....II-41
Video Imaging.....II-41
Cellular Phone Tracking.....II-41
Electronic Distance-Measuring Instruments (DMI).....II-41
Electronic License Plate Matching.....II-41
1$100
   ETC – Implementation and Functional Challenges.....II-42
Costs Associated with ETC Implementation and Operation.....II-42
Cost to Tolling Agency.....II-42
Cost to the Customer.....II-42
Preliminary Sunk Costs.....II-42
1$100
   Key Benefits of ETC Systems.....II-43
Advantages of Electronic Toll Collection at a Glance.....II-43
For Users.....II-43
For Toll Operators.....II-43
Common Advantages.....II-43
1$100
   Major Drawbacks.....II-44
ORT – Key Operational Issues.....II-44
1$100
   Intelligent Transportation Systems.....II-45
Partners in Success - Key Enablers of Intelligent Transportation Systems.....II-45
1$100
   Intelligent Transportation Systems – Solution for Today’s Traffic Congestion.....II-46
Advanced Traffic Management Systems.....II-46
1$100
   Public Vehicle Transportation Management Systems.....II-47
Commercial Vehicle Operations Systems.....II-47
Electronic Vehicle Registration Systems.....II-47
1$100
   EVR Applications.....II-48
Tachograph.....II-48
Tachograph Tampering.....II-48
Tachograph – German Regulations.....II-48
1$100
   Kapsch TraffcCom AG Bags Contract from ASFINAG for Modernizing Austrian GO Toll
  Collection System.....II-49
Q-Free Signs Slovenia Truck Tolling System Contract.....II-49
Q-Free Bags 3-Year Agreement for Delivery of Tags to Via Verde.....II-49
TransCore Gets 10 Year Extension of its Contract with the Maine Turnpike
  Authority.....II-49
TransCore Gets 5 Year Extention of its Contract with the Ohio Turnpike and
  Infrastructure Commission.....II-49
Bip&Drive and Bip&Go Introduce First Single Teletoll System for Toll Roads in France
  and Spain.....II-49
1$100
   Kapsch TrafficCom Bags New Contract from State of Queensland for Toowoomba Second
  Range Crossing.....II-50
Q-Free Gets Extension for its Contract with Miami Dade Expressway.....II-50
Kapsch TrafficCom Bags New Tolling Contract for Replacing Existing Road Tolling
  Systems for Sydney Harbour Bridge and Tunnel.....II-50
Q-Free Gets Extension of its Toll Collection Operations Contract with Norwegian
  Public Roads Administration.....II-50
Q-Free Bags New Contract from TransCore.....II-50
Gentex and TransCore Enter into Agreement to Provide Vehicle-Integrated Nationwide
  Tolling Solution to Auto Manufacturers.....II-50
The Florida Department of Transportation Awards Contract to Xerox for Toll Transaction
  Processing Services.....II-50
1$100
   Kapsch TrafficCom Secures New Tolling System & ITS Provisioning Contract in
  Chile.....II-51
Kapsch TrafficCom to Take Up Technological Upgrade of Existing Tolling System on
  Pan-American Highway Ruta 5.....II-51
ASFINAG & Toll Collect to Extend their Cooperation by 3 Years.....II-51
Kapsch TrafficCom Bags a New Contract in Sydney.....II-51
Toll Collect Unveils TOLL-EasyChange.....II-51
Kapsch Takes Over Transdyn.....II-51
1$100
   Raytheon Wins Contract from Massachusetts Department of Transportation.....II-52
Kapsch TrafficCom Wins New Orders for ETC On-Board Units.....II-52
PAT Traffic Mexico Secures Contract from Mexico Constructora Industrial.....II-52
1$100
   3M (US).....II-53
Atlantia SpA (Italy).....II-53
1$100
   G.E.A. (France).....II-54
International Road Dynamics, Inc. (Canada).....II-54
Kapsch TrafficCom AG (Austria).....II-54
1$100
   Perceptics Inc (USA).....II-55
Q-FREE ASA (Norway).....II-55
Raytheon Company (USA).....II-55
1$100
   Sanef (France).....II-56
Schneider Electric, SA (France).....II-56
Siemens AG (Germany).....II-56
1$100
   TRMI Systems Integration (USA).....II-57
Toll Collect GmbH (Germany).....II-57
Transcore Holdings, Inc (USA).....II-57
1$100
   Xerox Corporation (USA).....II-581$100
   Table 7: World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems by Geographic Region - US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, South Korea and Rest of World Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-591$350
   Table 8: World 9-Year Perspective for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Revenues for US, Canada, Japan, Europe, China, South Korea and Rest of World Markets for the Years 2016, and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....II-601$350
   A. Market Analysis.....III-1
Outlook.....III-1
After a Temporary Slowdown in 2013 ETC Systems Market Regains Momentum.....III-1
1$75
   Overview.....III-2
Electronic Tolling in the US – Development Over the Years.....III-2
1$75
   E-ZPass – A Key ETC Systems in Use.....III-31$75
   Working of E-ZPass System.....III-4
PrePass Plus Implemented in Ohio.....III-4
HOT Lanes.....III-4
HOT Lanes Pricing.....III-4
1$75
   Frequency of Pricing Modifications.....III-5
Corridor Segmentation.....III-5
Implementation of HOT Lanes – Key Challenges.....III-5
Express Toll Lanes.....III-5
Varying Modes of Implementation Across Different Regions.....III-5
1$75
   ETC Systems Bring Significant Efficiency in Traffic Management.....III-6
Interoperability – A Key Issue.....III-6
Major ETC Tag System Deployments in the US and Interoperability.....III-6
1$75
   History of Toll Roads in the United States.....III-7
Limited Access Highways.....III-7
Setting High Standards.....III-7
Interstate Highway System.....III-7
1$75
   Toll Financing.....III-8
Shunpiking.....III-8
1$75
   Key Statistical Finding.....III-9
Table 9: US Market for DSRC Technology Based ETC Systems (2012 & 2017): Percentage Share Breakdown of Revenue by Product Segment (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-9
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-9
1$200
   Select Players.....III-103$225
   B. Market Analytics.....III-13
Table 10: US Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-13
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-14
Outlook.....III-14
Toll Roads – A Perspective.....III-14
Toronto 407ETR – A Major ETC Equipped Toll Road.....III-14
Select Player.....III-14
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-15
Table 11: Canadian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-15
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-16
Outlook.....III-16
ETC – An Overview.....III-16
Market Penetration.....III-16
1$75
   Japan Reverses Toll Free Programs to Generate Funding.....III-17
Discounts and Subsidies Fuel Adoption of Transponders.....III-17
Single National System.....III-17
Electronic Toll Collection for Motorcycles.....III-17
1$75
   Working Mechanism of Motorcycle ETC System.....III-18
Significant Promotional Incentives to Boost Motorcycle ETC Usage.....III-18
ETC System Development.....III-18
ITS in Japan – A Perspective.....III-18
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-19
Table 12: Japanese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-19
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-20
Outlook.....III-20
Tolling Comes as a Key Source of Additional Finances for Governments in Taut Economy
  During 2011-2013 Debt Crisis.....III-20
1$75
   Market Entering into a Consolidation Mode.....III-21
Snapshot of Growth Drivers for ETC Systems.....III-21
1$75
   Table 13: Breakdown of Number of Toll Stations, Toll Lanes, ETC Lanes, and ETC Subscribers by Country as of 2015.....III-22
ETC Technologies Adopted.....III-22
1$200
   Major ETC System Deployments by Select Countries in Europe.....III-23
Electronic Toll Collection in Europe – Future Direction.....III-23
1$75
   Interoperability Directives.....III-24
2004/52/EC Directive.....III-24
2006/38/EC Directive.....III-24
Truck Tolling in Europe – A Recent Past Perspective.....III-24
Key Trends and Issues.....III-24
Telematics-based RUC Systems Draw Attention.....III-24
1$75
   Governments’ Concern on Rising Pollution Spurs Use of RUC Systems.....III-25
Mandatory Use of ETC in Select Countries Boosts Sales.....III-25
OBU Market to Expand Considerably.....III-25
Road User Charging All Set to Gain Momentum in Eastern Europe.....III-25
Standardizing RUC Systems in Eastern Europe – Tough Challenges Ahead.....III-25
1$75
   Major Hurdles Facing ETC Systems Growth.....III-26
Regulations and Standards.....III-26
European Commission Mulls Single ETC System Across Europe.....III-26
1$75
   ETC Systems in Use Across Europe.....III-27
European Directive for Interoperability 2004.....III-27
Key Challenges.....III-27
Standard for Interoperability Among Different Electronic Fee Collection (EFC)
  Systems.....III-27
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-28
Table 14: European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems by Geographic Region - France, Italy, Spain, Austria, Portugal, and Rest of Europe Markets Independently Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-28
1$200
   Table 15: European 9-Year Perspective for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems by Geographic Region - Percentage Breakdown of Revenues for France, Italy, Spain, Austria, Portugal, and Rest of Europe Markets for the Years 2016, and 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-291$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-30
Outlook.....III-30
Market Overview.....III-30
Select Players.....III-30
2$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-32
Table 16: French Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-32
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-33
Outlook.....III-33
Overview.....III-33
A Key Player.....III-33
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-34
Table 17: Italian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-34
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-35
Outlook.....III-35
Strategic Corporate Development.....III-35
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-36
Table 18: Spanish Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-36
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-37
Outlook.....III-37
Overview.....III-37
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-37
1$75
   A Key Player.....III-381$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-39
Table 19: Austrian Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-39
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-40
Outlook.....III-40
Strategic Corporate Development.....III-40
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-41
Table 20: Portuguese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-41
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-42
Outlook.....III-42
Focus on Select European Markets.....III-42
Czech Republic.....III-42
Norway.....III-42
1$75
   Germany.....III-43
Using the Toll System.....III-43
Making Payments.....III-43
System Enforcement.....III-43
1$75
   Security and Data Protection.....III-44
Laws on Route-based Toll Collection in Germany.....III-44
United Kingdom.....III-44
Electronic Toll Collection – Major Installations.....III-44
London Congestion Charge Scheme.....III-44
1$75
   Main Objectives of the Scheme.....III-45
History of Toll Roads in the UK.....III-45
Turnpike Roads and Formation of Turnpike Trusts.....III-45
1$75
   Improvement in Road Quality.....III-46
Decline of Turnpike Trusts.....III-46
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-46
1$75
   Select Players.....III-471$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-48
Table 21: Rest of European Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-48
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-49
Outlook.....III-49
ETC Market Continues to Remain Strong In China.....III-49
China Deploys Nation-Wide ETC Network.....III-49
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-50
Table 22: Chinese Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-50
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-51
Outlook.....III-51
Overview.....III-51
1$75
   B. Market Analytics.....III-52
Table 23: South Korean Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-52
1$200
   A. Market Analysis.....III-53
Outlook.....III-53
Asia-Pacific ETC Deployments – A Review.....III-53
Major ETC System Deployments by Select Countries in Asia-Pacific.....III-53
1$75
   Select Markets – A Review.....III-54
Australia.....III-54
Hong Kong.....III-54
India.....III-54
Electronic Toll Collection in India.....III-54
1$75
   Government Plans to Replace Manual Tollbooths with ETC Systems.....III-55
Government to Allocate Increased Funds to PWDs for Road Projects.....III-55
Indonesia.....III-55
Malaysia.....III-55
1$75
   Singapore.....III-56
Taiwan.....III-56
Brazil.....III-56
Major ETC System Deployments by Select Region/City in Brazil.....III-56
1$75
   Mexico.....III-57
South Africa.....III-57
Strategic Corporate Developments.....III-57
2$150
   B. Market Analytics.....III-59
Table 24: Rest of World Recent Past, Current & Future Analysis for Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Systems Market Analyzed with Annual Revenues in US$ Million for the Years 2014 through 2022 (includes corresponding Graph/Chart).....III-59
1$200
  
Total Companies Profiled: 60 (including Divisions/Subsidiaries - 68)

Region/Country Players

The United States 18 Canada 3 Japan 3 Europe 29 France 6 Germany 5 Italy 3 Spain 2 Rest of Europe 13 Asia-Pacific (Excluding Japan) 14 Africa 1
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